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HomeworkU12 - Auf geht's Chapter Overview of Grammar Unit...

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Auf Geht’s | Unit 12 Grammar Homework 1 Auf geht’s Unit 12: Erinnerungen Krieg 12.1.A Chapter Overview of Grammar We’re approaching the homestretch. German 102 is almost over. With the following new material in Unit 12, you will be exploring one of the most important topics for present-day Germany, namely its past. Now that we’ve reviewed the present perfect tense and learned the imperfect tense, encountering Germans and their memories of the past will be our primary concern in this unit. In terms of grammar, we will spend the majority of our time in this chapter learning about the subjunctive mood, that is how to talk about wishes, dreams, improbable situations, unreal circumstances. The new grammatical points we’ll learn in this unit include: How to transform adjectives into nouns; How to negate something by using either nicht mehr or kein mehr ; How to express the subjunctive mood using würden ; How to transform sein , haben and the modal verbs into the subjunctive mood; How to use the subjunctive mood in sentences that begin with “if “( wenn ); How to use the subjective mood in the past tense; and How to express the passive voice using “one” ( man ). Adjectival Nouns ! G.4.6, G.4.2 " S. 204 (“Adjectives”) 12.1.A.1 Just as with English, German allows for some adjectives to be used as nouns. Adjectives can become really great nouns, especially if you want to talk about something general or something commonly understood. In English, we have to add “one,” “man,” “woman”, “person,” “guy” or “thing” to an adjective in order to make an adjectival noun. Here are a few examples in English: The fantastic thing about US military bases were its restaurants. I’ll have a cold one, please. Only a crazy person would try and sneak into a military base. In German, adjectival nouns are just that, adjectives that are written like nouns. They are capitalized. But unlike nouns, their endings are still active. Here are the German equivalents to the examples above: fantastisch # Das Fantastisch e an US-Stützpunkte waren die Restaurants. hell # Ich möchte ein Hell es , bitte. verrückt # Nur ein Verrückt er würde in einen Stützpunkt hineinschleichen. Back in Unit 9 we learned in gross detail the ins and outs of adjective endings. Knowing what you still know about adjective endings, can you see how definite articles ( der words) and indefinite articles ( ein words) can affect the ending of the adjectival nouns? Do you see how the case (nominative versus accusative) also has an effect on the endings? In case you’re forgetting, check out the grammar explanations from Units 7 & 9 (7.3.B, 9.3.B & 9.4.A) in order to jog your memory!
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Auf Geht’s | Unit 12 Grammar Homework 2 Before we get out hands dirty, we need to establish a couple categories in order for you to keep everything straight.
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