| Unit 12 Grammar Homework
Unit 12: Erinnerungen
We’re approaching the homestretch. German 102 is almost over. With the following
new material in Unit 12, you will be exploring one of the most important topics for
present-day Germany, namely its past. Now that we’ve reviewed the present perfect
tense and learned the imperfect tense, encountering Germans and their memories of
the past will be our primary concern in this unit. In terms of grammar, we will spend
the majority of our time in this chapter learning about the subjunctive mood, that is
how to talk about wishes, dreams, improbable situations, unreal circumstances. The
new grammatical points we’ll learn in this unit include:
How to transform adjectives into nouns;
How to negate something by using either
How to express the subjunctive mood using
How to transform
and the modal verbs into the subjunctive mood;
How to use the subjunctive mood in sentences that begin with “if “(
How to use the subjective mood in the past tense; and
How to express the passive voice using “one” (
S. 204 (“Adjectives”)
Just as with English, German allows for some adjectives to be used as nouns.
Adjectives can become really great nouns, especially if you want to talk about
something general or something commonly understood. In English, we have to add
“one,” “man,” “woman”, “person,” “guy” or “thing” to an adjective in order to make an
adjectival noun. Here are a few examples in English:
The fantastic thing about US military bases were its restaurants.
I’ll have a cold one, please.
Only a crazy person would try and sneak into a military base.
In German, adjectival nouns are just that, adjectives that are written like nouns. They
are capitalized. But unlike nouns, their endings are still active. Here are the German
equivalents to the examples above:
an US-Stützpunkte waren die Restaurants.
Ich möchte ein Hell
Nur ein Verrückt
würde in einen Stützpunkt hineinschleichen.
Back in Unit 9 we learned in gross detail the ins and outs of adjective endings.
Knowing what you still know about adjective endings, can you see how definite
words) and indefinite articles (
words) can affect the ending of the
adjectival nouns? Do you see how the case (nominative versus accusative) also has
an effect on the endings?
In case you’re forgetting, check out the grammar explanations from Units 7 & 9 (7.3.B,
9.3.B & 9.4.A) in order to jog your memory!