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HomeworkU9 - Auf geht's Chapter Overview of Grammar Unit 9...

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Auf Geht’s | Unit 9 Grammar Homework 1 Auf geht’s Unit 9: Ist das normal? 9.1.A Chapter Overview of Grammar In this chapter we will focus on main concerns: more complicated verbs and adjectives. Here is a breakdown of this chapter’s main grammar points: Idiomatic expressions that require the dative case; Verbs that require the dative case; Verbs (in the accusative and dative) that refer to actions that describe oneself; and Adding ending to adjectives that precede nouns. As you will soon see, each of these individual grammar points has occasionally detailed rules that you’ll need to keep in mind. Wie geht’s dir? ! 9.1.3, G.1.6.3 " S. 200 (“Pronouns”) 9.1.A.1 In German 101 you encountered the dative case for the first time. It is the name we give to that noun (or pronoun) in any sentence that comes between the subject and the object it acts upon. Usually the dative case is reserved for the indirect objects in a sentence. Here’s an example: I G I V E M Y M O T H E R C H O C O L A T E . (Subject/Nom.) Verb (Direct Object/Acc.) # I G I V E M Y M O T H E R C H O C O L A T E . (Subject/Nom.) Verb (Indirect Object/Dat.) (Direct Object/Acc.) See how my mother operates as the indirect object? In German, the second sentence would look like this: I C H G E B E M E I N E R M U T T E R S C H O K O L A D E . (Subject/Nom.) Verb (Indirect Object/Dat.) (Direct Object/Acc.) See how the possessive pronoun takes the dative ER ending? You might want to take a moment and review on the Interactive your knowledge of the dative case ! G.2.4, dative articles ! G.3.4.A, and dative personal pronouns ! G.1.6.D. Now that you’re caught up a little on the dative case, let’s make things complicated. In German there are idiomatic expressions (sayings that are quirky and not clear in meaning) that require the dative case. Asking something How’s it going? Is one such expression. Here it is: Wie geht es dir? # How’s it going? (In the ears of a native English speaker, it might sound like Germans are asking literally,
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Auf Geht’s | Unit 9 Grammar Homework 2 How goes it to you? ) In order to answer this question, Germans use an inverted word order. For now, you just need to memorize the following response: Wie geht’s dir? # Mir geht’s nur soso. Nur soso means roughly just okay in English. What other kinds of responses could we use in place of nur soso ? Check out Interactive ! 9.1.3.A for some ideas and fill in the blanks below. You might need to look up some words on DICT . LEO . ORG . (Tip: not every German adjective fits in our model answer. The list of adjectives on page 135 in your workbook all don’t fit!) Fabulous __________ Just okay __________ Horrible __________ Really good __________ Lousy __________ Pretty good __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ How do you think we might need to change our model sentence and model answer above if we were to ask the following people How’s it going? In German?
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