Research Methodology- Chapter 2 (Day 3) - (Day 3 Research Methodology Chapter 2 Topics Scientific Method Types of Studies Descriptive(describing

Research Methodology- Chapter 2 (Day 3) - (Day 3 Research...

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Research Methodology: Chapter 2(Day 3)1/11/16-Topics-Scientific Method-Types of Studies-Descriptive (describing)-Correlational (2 things are related)-Experimental (experiment)-Scientific Inquiry-Way of finding answers to empirical questions; questions that can be answered through observation & measurement-Scientific Method-Systematic procedures for observing & measuring phenomena to answer questions-Scientific Attitude-Composed of curiosity, skepticism, & humility-How The Scientific Method Depends on Theories, Hypotheses, & Research-4 goals of psychological science-describe-predict-control-explain-Steps of Scientific Method-HOMER-Hypothesis-Operationalize-Measure-Educate-Replicate / Revise / Report-Theory-Explanation integrating principles & organizes / predicts behavior or events-Example: low self-esteem contributes to depression-Hypothesis-Testable prediction, often prompted by theory to enable us that is tested-OperationalizeConstructs:-Internal attributes or characteristics that cannot be directly observed-Useful for describing & explaining Operational Definition:-Identifies a measurement procedure for measuring an external behavior-Uses the resulting measurements as a
Research Methodology: Chapter 2(Day 3)1/11/16behaviordefinition-Research Observations-Research would require us to administer tests of self-esteem & depression. Individuals who score low on a self-esteem test & high on a depression test would confirm our hypothesis.-Barker, Dembro, & Lewin (1941)-Examined weather frustration caused aggression in children-Showed young students a room full of attractive toys1.½ able to play right away & ½ had to wait outside door for 5 minutes-children that had to wait engaged in more aggressive play styles-Unexpected Findings Can Be Valuable-Unexpected discoveries sometimes occur-Only researchers who are prepared to recognize their importance will benefit from them-Types of Studies-Descriptive-Correlational-Experimental-Descriptive Methods-Research method involving observing & noting behavior of people or animals to provide systematic & objective analysis of the behavior-Naturalistic observation = observing behavior in its natural setting-Ex. Developmental studies of children; watching flirting in a bar-Case Study: in-depth study of 1 individual or group-Ex. Simonton (UC Davis) study of famous people like eminent scientist to study cognitive ability or prolific painter to study creativity-Bugliosi & Gentry (1974) study of Charles Manson to understand rhythmPros of DM:-Hypothesis generation-

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