socratesantigone

socratesantigone - Aaron Houska Philosophy 210 Fall 2007...

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Aaron Houska Philosophy 210 Fall 2007 Paper Assignment Socrates vs Antigone In the Apology and the Crito , Socrates sets up an interesting dilemma. On the one hand, in the Crito he passionately argues for obedience to the state. In the Apo - logy , he defends his supposedly impious actions by stating that he obeys the laws of the gods over the state. Sophocles’ character Antigone (in the eponymous tragedy) simil- arly defends herself for disobeying Creon’s order not to bury her brother’s body as he was a traitor against Thebes. Both of them admit to knowing the crime they committed at the time of it, and both accept death as the outcome of their disobedience (Socrates in Apology 28d-e, Antigone in Antigone p11). And though her justification for disobedi- ence squares not with Socrates’, he would in the end find no absolute problems with her course of action, though the similarity of situations weakens his essential position. Socrates begins the Crito with his argument for the moral need to obey the laws of the state; he is responding to Crito’s claim that the majority of the citizenry would not believe that he did not attempt escape from prison. His argument goes as follows: 1) One must value the opinions of some men, and not others 2) The opinions followed should be the good (just, beautiful) ones 3) Failure to obey these experts is unjust and leads to the corruption of the body/soul (Crito 44d-47e) After establishing this, Socrates and Crito declare that life alone is not worth living. They go on from here: 1) Life alone is not worth living 2) It is not worth living the unjust life 3) Thus it is imperative for one to never willingly do a wrong (injustice) 4) Further, one must never respond to an injustice with an injustice 5) Therefore one must obey all just agreements made by the individual (Crito 48a-51d)
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course PHIL 210 taught by Professor Saarbaker during the Fall '07 term at Northwestern.

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socratesantigone - Aaron Houska Philosophy 210 Fall 2007...

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