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CMST 2010 - CMST 2010 What is Interpersonal Communication...

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CMST 2010 What is Interpersonal Communication? Communication is “the process of understanding and sharing meaning” Process- a fluid, dynamic interplay that’s constantly changing (i.e. small groups vs. one-on-one) Understanding- To perceive, interpret and relate our perception to what we already know (i.e. football talk with women) Sharing- experiencing a common sense of meaning or common understanding Meaning- To have in mind a purpose or to convey an idea that we share through interaction. Models of Communication - From simplest to most sophisticated Linear model International Transactional Constructionist Linear Model Source message receiver -------- Channel Interference Interactional Model Transactional Model
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Constructionist’s model Essential components of Communication 1. Source 2. Message 3. Channel 4. Receiver 5. Feedback 6. Environment 7. context 8. Interference Source and Message The SOURCE events and sends the message. The MESSAGE is the stimulus or meaning produced by the source for the receiver or audience. ( It doesn’t have to be verbal) Channel and Receiver The CHANNEL is the way in which a message is sent. The RECEIVER gets the message from the source, analyzing and interpreting ways both intended and unintended Feedback and Environment FEEDBACK is the messages the receiver sends back to the source ENVIRONMENT is the atmosphere in which you send and receive messages Context and Interference CONTEXT involves the setting, scene and expectations of the individual involved INTERFERENCE (or noise) is anything that disrupts or changes the source’s intended meaning of the message
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2 Types of Communication Intrapersonal- self talk Reflections Talk ourselves through situations Culture and upbringing are an influence Interpersonal Communication- Involves 2 people (dyadic) Can be personal, impersonal Can be formal, informal Relationship provides the context for the words and their meanings Principles of Communication 1) Communication is constant a) we are always communicating b) can be verbal or nonverbal c) intra or inter d) can be intentional or unintentional 2) Communication is Transactional a) meaning and interpretation are part of the individual b) frame of mind, culture, values all play a role c) understood meaning- when 2 or more people have negotiated a common meaning for a word or phrase 3) Communication is a process a) You cannot repeat the same communication experience b) Must adapt to constant change of communication c) Communication is a dynamic process 4) Communication is Irreversible a) We cannot take back what we have said b) We can explain what we truly meant (sometimes that makes things worse) c) We can apologize d) Still this doesn’t reverse the effects of the words said 5) Communication is Learned a) No one is born a great communicator b) We learn communication skills through interactions with others c) Take after parents?
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  • Spring '08
  • whitehead
  • International Transactional Constructionist, Intrapersonal Comm., o Psychological characteristics o Culture background o Gender o Media exposure o Perceptual set

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