Highs%20and%20lows%20of%20equine%20nutrition

Highs%20and%20lows%20of%20equine%20nutrition - Highs and...

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1 Highs and lows of equine nutrition Toxicities and Deficiencies Energy Deficiency Toxicity (Excess) Protein • Deficiency – Reduced growth – Weight loss – Reduced performance or production – Slow hair growth and shedding • Toxicity – Expensive urine!
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2 Minerals • Calcium – Deficiency – DOD, decreased bone density, fractures, big head disease – Excess – DOD, P deficiency • Phosphorus – Deficiency – bone demineralization, decreased feed intake, fractures – Excess – big head disease, Ca deficiency Minerals • Salt – Deficiency – decrease sweating and performance, decrease food/water intake, excess licking and constipation – Excess – colic, diarrhea, weak, staggering, recumbency • Potassium – Deficiency – fatigue, muscle weakness, lethargy, exercise intolerance, decreased feed and water intake – Excess – none clinically seen, except HYPP horses Minerals • Selenium – Deficiency – decreased immunity and growth, stiff, listless, increase HR and RR – Toxicity – blind staggers, weight loss, anemia, hair rough and lost from tail/mane, feet painful, abnormal hoof growth and rings
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