Topic 3a Marriage Meanings Importance and Implications

Topic 3a Marriage Meanings Importance and Implications -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 1 Sociology 169 Topic 3: Marriage: Meanings, Importance, and Implications Readings: Waite. 1995. “Does Marriage Matter?”: Furstenberg. 1996. “The Future of Marriage.”; Ooms. 2002. “Marriage and Government, Strange Bedfellows.” ± Topic 3a: Marriage: Meanings, Importance, and Implications ± Are there benefits to marriage? ± Marriage and well-being ± Reasons for the purported benefits of marriage ± Is marriage a cause or an effect? ± Implications ± Should government be involved in promoting marriage? 2 Marriage and Well-Being: Health ± Health-- Multiple dimensions (e.g., physical, emotional, psychological) ± Less drinking for men and women, but women have low levels regardless of marital status ± Risk taking—divorced men and women have more ± Mortality—Both men and women have lower mortality rates 3 Marriage and Well-Being: Health ± Why is health better among married people? ± For men marriage provides someone to monitor health and health related behaviors and encourages self-regulation ± Social support of spouse ± Meaning in life- obligation to others ± Mortality—increases healthy behaviors and economic resources to purchase health care etc. (especially important to women) ± Network of support for men
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 4 Marriage and Well-Being: Earnings and Wealth ± Earnings and Wealth ± Earnings ± 10-40% premium seen for married men (both White and Black) ± White married women pay a penalty, Black married women have a premium ± . Children are especially detrimental to white women (through reduction in hours worked) ± Wealth– more per capita assets 5 Marriage and Earnings 6 Marriage and Well-Being: Earnings and Wealth ± Why do married men and women have an advantage? ± Economies of scale ± Specialization ± Pooling income ± Marriage makes men more productive to meet obligations to family members ± Married men are healthier ± Expectations of married life lead one to invest for children’s well-being, a house etc.
Background image of page 2
3 7 Marriage and Well-Being: Happiness ± Happiness ± Married people report themselves to be happier on many dimensions ± However, recently separated people say they are happier than they were when they were with their spouses (See Furstenberg) 8 Marriage and Happiness Source: General Social Survey 40.2 24.5 19.6 15.9 22.3 52 56.3 62.3 63.1 7.7 19.2 18.1 27.8 14.6 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Married Widowed Divorced Separated Never Married Very Happy Pretty Happy Not Too Happy 9 Marriage and Well-Being: Happiness ± Reasons for greater levels of happiness among married people.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 12

Topic 3a Marriage Meanings Importance and Implications -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online