Russian Hist 1-25

Russian Hist 1-25 - I. Kiev's Apex and Fall A. Features of...

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I. Kiev’s Apex and Fall A. Features of the Kievan Polity Ruling elite o Borrowed Kagan system from the steppe peoples o Unlike in western Europe, inheritance went to all the sons (not just eldest) Very effective during growth for first hundred years Debilitating over several generations Too many inheritors Factions formed, civil wars became frequent o Mid 11 th Cent – 1240, 1 major war every year between principalities Feudal agrarian society? o Almost no evidence of such o Peasants lived in subsistence-level world. No surplus for feudal lords o Any surplus came from LD trade or forest resources o Russian Law- almost no laws relating to Lord-Serf relationship All about trade and forest tribute What is new, what is not about Kievan rus? o Almost everything in the society is imported o o Religion came from Byzantium, b/c of trade reasons o Dynastic system of inheritance came from Khazars and Bulgars o Trading system melded from Viking and Steppe systems Causes of Kiev’s Fall o Changes in long distance trade Sharp fall in fur demand in Byzantium Rise in Baltic Sea in Hanseatic League Baltic/Byzantine trade route fell in profit and importance o Excess numbers in the Ruirikid princely line o Internal strife Kiev had no de facto power over the rest of the principalities (hadn’t for some generations) by 1240 II Mongol Conquest A. Some Myths the Mongols conquered an otherwise flourishing Kievan Rus
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course HIST 225 taught by Professor E.lohr during the Spring '08 term at American.

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Russian Hist 1-25 - I. Kiev's Apex and Fall A. Features of...

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