Russian History 2-5

Russian History 2-5 - Russian History 2-5 Statebuilding Muscovite state's features A Autocracy Tsar and military servitors/Boiars Boiars and the

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Russian History 2-5 Statebuilding Muscovite state’s features A: Autocracy: Tsar and military servitors/Boiars Boiars and the Tsar o Primogeniture: ensured that all holdings would pass on to the next generation undivided, enhancing the chances of later expansion o Ruling families that were conquered by Muscovy became Boiars o Autocracy prevented one faction of Boiars from becoming too powerful Avoided interclan rivalries Fragility and paradoxes of Boiar power The advantages of autocracy o Comparative example – PL Commonwealth B: Elite Landholding Comparison with Britain o Elites owned their own land, could use it as a bargaining chip in negotiating against the King o Elites lived on their lands, defended them because they were compacted together Conditional tenure (pomestie) vs inheritable ownership (votchina) o Linkage between property ownership and the Tsar (btwn property and nobility). o Wealth or property for the Boiars was reward for service to the Tsar o Land could be taken away and given to someone else o Land given in patchworks, all over the place. Boiars had a tough time keeping track of them. Rarely visited them. Hard to defend them. Happens today: Yeltsin handed loyal servant a multibillion dollar company in return for loyal service. Servant then opposed putin, who arrested him, sent him to Siberia, renationalized his company and gave it to someone else
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course HIST 225 taught by Professor E.lohr during the Spring '08 term at American.

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Russian History 2-5 - Russian History 2-5 Statebuilding Muscovite state's features A Autocracy Tsar and military servitors/Boiars Boiars and the

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