WorPol 11-27 Sustainable Development

WorPol 11-27 Sustainable Development - Sustainable...

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Sustainable Development History of ‘Development’ Mainstream def: economic development o IMF World Bank, ‘Washington Consensus’ o Criticisms: ignores social and cultural factors; West-centric In the 90s: Human Development o UNDP, people-centered development o Criticisms: excludes nature and interconnectedness between people and nature Environmentalists prefer to talk about sustainable development (SD) SD ‘the ability to make development sustainable – to ensure that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” o The Brundtland Commission Sustainability for whom? o Think: MNCs in Bangladesh – is that sustainable? Can it be? Think about… The environment does not exist as a sphere separate from human actions… the word ‘development’ has also been narrowed…into a very limited focus, along the lines of ‘what poor nations should do to become richer’ [and] is dismissed…as
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WorPol 11-27 Sustainable Development - Sustainable...

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