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Lecture30 - BioNB222 Cornell University Spring 2008 Ronald...

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BioNB222 Spring 2008 Cornell University Ronald R. Hoy 1 Lecture 30. Language and Communication I: Speech – production and perception Reading Assignment: Purves—Chapter 27, and selected websites: see course website for specifics. Lecture Outline General points: Social behavior is a matter of communication. In humans, speech and language is the preeminent mode of communication; it’s uniquely human. In any communication act/transaction, there is a sender of the message and its receiver. Communication is mediated by translation rules that govern the encoding of the message by the sender and its decoding in the recipient. Questions: how much of communication is controlled by “nature” (genetics) and how much by “nurture” (learning and the environment)? How is communication—especially its translation rules—represented in the brain? Language: The act of sending is called “speaking” (or writing) and the act of receiving is called hearing and comprehension (or reading). Speech is a motor encoding of vocal utterance and is done in the vocal tract and brain. Comprehension is a
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