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Unformatted text preview: Philosophy and The Science Review 27/02/2008 01:09:00 ← ← 1. Philosophical Concepts ← A. Arguments • Set containing premise and conclusion • Premise - reasons to believe something is true. • Conclusion - what the premise supports. ← B. Validity and Invalidity • Validity - the truth of the premise logically guarantees the truth of the conclusion. • Invalidity - the conclusions truth is not guaranteed by the premises truth. C. Truth, Soundness, and Cogency • Truth - a property of proposition (a proposition is the content of your belief) • Soundness- what your saying has to be valid and the premises true. ← D. Induction and Deduction • Induction - if the premises are true, then the conclusion is probably true. • Deduction- if the premises are true, the conclusion is definitely true. ← E. Truth Necessary Conditions • If P, then Q • Q is necessary for P • P is sufficient for Q • Example: If I’m in Boulder, then I’m in Colorado....
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course PHIL 1400 taught by Professor Christianlee during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.
- Spring '08