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phl103-paper2 - Michael Barker PHL 103 Paper 2 A Proper...

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Michael Barker PHL 103 Paper 2 A Proper View for the Welfare of Society There are three main views concerning the rights of those in needs and the responsibilities of society and its members to provide aid for those who may need it. There is the individualist view which is more self-centered and is not so concerned with aiding those in need, there is the permissive view which provides aid to those in need with no conditions as to whether or not one may receive aid, and then there is the puritan view which is the middle ground between individualism and permissivism and allows for aid but only based on certain conditions. It should be a concern of society as to which of these views best protects the rights of the people. The individualist view is just as the name implies, the view that as an individual it is your responsibility to provide for yourself and not the responsibility of others to take it upon themselves to work on behalf of another individual. The individualist considers one responsible for one's own life situation. The individualist sees no obligation to help another in need but not to say that there is no aid within individualism. As an individualist aid could best be described as a charity where it is a choice to provide support for those in need and not an obligation or a forced endeavor. Currently there is no choice as the whether or not you pay taxes and there is no doubt that a portion of those funds go towards programs such as welfare to provide for those in need. Such provisions as this go against the individualist view. The current welfare system of the United States is an example of puritanism. Puritanism holds that one is obligated to work. If one does not work then there must be justification for why they cannot provide for themselves and that society should in turn expend the effort to provide for them. This causes aid to be conditional based on whether it is justified for one to receive aid. It is often easy to justify aid for those who are unable to work due to physical or mental limitations but it becomes almost impossible for one to justify providing aid to someone who is able to work but does not do so
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