Federalism 2 - Federalism The purpose of government is to...

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Unformatted text preview: Federalism The purpose of government is to rein in the rights of the people. Former President Bill Clinton QUIZ 1. In The Federalist, No. 39, Madison spends the first part of the paper defining this term: 2. In McCulloch v. Maryland, Chief Justice John Marshall refers to two key clauses in the Constitution. They are: (a). Republic (b). Democracy (c). National (d). Federal (e). Constitution (a). Commerce clause & supremacy clause (b). Judicial review & the necessary and proper clause (c). Supremacy clause & the necessary and proper clause (d). Commerce clause & the necessary and proper clause QUIZ 3. Why has there been a transition from a dual federalism to a shared federalism? 4. Before federalism, the colonies experienced this type of system: (a). National gov't is creating policies that it cannot handle alone and must delegate to the states. (b). States are creating policies they cannot handle alone and must request aid from the national gov't. (c). Problems are becoming more nationalized as the nation grows in population. (d). A & C (e). A, B & C (a). Parliamentary (b). Unitary (c). Confederation (d). Parliamentary and Unitary (e). Unitary and Confederation QUIZ 5. What institution approves treaties? BONUS: Which potential democratic candidate for President announced yesterday he/she is forming an exploratory committee to run in 2008? (a). Executive branch (b). Legislative branch (c). Judicial branch (d). Senate (e). House of Representatives (a). Barack Obama (b). Hilary Clinton (c). Dennis Kucinich (d). John Edwards (e). Joe Biden Before Federalism Unitary System: centralized authority from central gov't reigned down upon the states. (e.g., GB) Confederation: states holding authority and delegating the authority to the federal government. (e.g., 13 Colonies) Federalism Federalism: authority divided between federal and state government. Types: Voters Central Gov't State Gov't Dual Federalism: "spheres of authority" Shared Federalism: joint supply of services Representation Independence Mutual Influence Requirements: Change in Federalism Over time, our system has moved from a dual federalism to a shared federalism. Why? Policies adopted by states are of too grand a scale to handle alone. Solicitation of help from states. National problems increase need for national initiatives. ...
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