James Armistead essay - James Armistead was an enslaved African American best known for his work as a spy during the American Revolution On Armistead

James Armistead essay - James Armistead was an enslaved...

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James Armistead was an enslaved African American, best known for his work as a spy during the American Revolution. On December 10, 1748, Armistead was born into slavery to William Armistead in New Kent, Kentucky. 33 year later in 1781, James Armistead volunteered in the United States Army. While serving, his master let him join the revolutionary cause. This is where he served under the French forces with Marquis de Lafayette. Lafayette gave Armistead the task of being a spy. His main goal was to “gather intelligence on enemy movements.” Because he was a Virginia native, Armistead knew the back routes and secret ways without a map or guide …something the British forces needed very badly. Faking to be a runaway slave, Armistead joined a camp ran by General Benedict Arnold. Fortunately, he gained his trust and confidence. After leaving Arnold’s camp, Armistead also went to the camp of Lord Cornwallis and repeated the same successful “fake runaway slave” pose there. James Armistead became so close to the British officers, they would “speak openly about their strategies in front of him.” With

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