301 notes ch 1-5

301 notes ch 1-5 - Chapter 1 Are gender differences due to...

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Chapter 1 Are gender differences due to biology or environment? Essentialist view— some biological factors make up male/female differences Biosocial view —biological factors play some roll but it is not the main determinent of behavioral differences Minimalist view— there are few differences between men and women Minimalist— there are many differences bw men and women Structuralism— studies the mind as unaffected by individual differences (including sex, data was collected on and from men) Functionalism— focuses on how the mind functions rather than its structure. Included more subjects such as children, women, and animals Influenced by Darwinism Looked for biologically determined differences Thought women were less intelligent, benefited less from education, had strong maternal instincts, unlikely to be successful Also found other races to be less intelligent and capable Helen Wolley and Leta Hollingsworth were female psychologists who took a stand against the functionalist view In the 1920’s behaviorism gained prominence, and interest in research on sex decreased Behaviorism— emphasized observable behavior. Consistent with prevailing masculinity (tough-minded and combative). Minimal role of gender Until the 1970’s psychology was male dominated. “womanless psychology” was created Psychoanalysis— Freud said instincts provide basic energy for personality and that a child’s perception of differences between girls and boys is very important Resolution of incestuous desires comes from identification with same-sex parent Boys have more conflict therefore reject mother and identify with father much
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stronger than girls do Men form a stronger conscience and sense of social values Women were infe Development of Women’s Studies: Result of feminine movement in the 60s Women entered the work force Naomi Weisstein wrote a paper which influenced psychology o Said research shows nothing about women because it is contaminated by men and they only find what they want to find/expect about women instead of researching women as they are. Divison 35, Society for the Psychology of Women in the APA created to promote the study of women and the advancement of research on women and gender related issues Liberal feminists —wanted to end discrimination based on sex and extend men’s rights to women Radical feminists —believed women were oppressed, and the entire social systems needs to change Cultural feminists— want to move towards and acceptance and appreciation of feminine value The Men’s Movement— Started during the 19 th -century women’s suffrage movement Men felt increasingly threatened by women entering the work force, the change from agriculture to industrialization, and the demand for education Men interested in furthering feminism joined the National Organization for Women and The National Organization for Men Against Sexism Gender— traits and behaviors that are regarded by the culture as appropriate to men and
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Fitzpatrick during the Spring '08 term at University of Miami.

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301 notes ch 1-5 - Chapter 1 Are gender differences due to...

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