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Written Assignment 1 1Written Assignment 1 Thomas State CollegeAMERICAN HISTORY I HIS-113-GS Professor Gregory DyeApril 3, 2016
Written Assignment 1 21. Discuss the European motives for expansion and colonization in the New World. Then describe the different colonial transplantations that occurred in Virginia, Maryland, and Massachusetts Bay. What were the major sources of friction between the Indians and the English in Virginia and Massachusetts Bay?Exotic spices, fabrics, and dyes being produced by Asia during the 1400’s were viewed by some European monarchs as being extremely attractive with great and desirable profit potentials. In order to obtain these very attractive items during that particular time period it was necessary to travel by water the Eastern trade routes that were becoming increasingly dangerous due to Muslin occupancy. Thanks to Christopher Columbus’ belief in his ability to reach Asia by traveling the sea to the west he accidently stumbled upon the Americas. It wasn’t until sometime later that the land was viewed much more than just an accidental discovery. The 16thcentury marked a period in time in which two major variables can be seen to have helped with the encouragement of the English settlement and colonization of the newfound land. These variables included the popular idea of mercantilism and secondly the high levels of poverty being experienced during the time. “Mercantilism is economic nationalism for the purpose of building a wealthy and powerful state. Adam Smith coined the term “mercantile system” to describe the system of political economy that sought to enrich the country by restraining imports and encouraging exports. This system dominated Western European economic thought and policies from the sixteenth to the late eighteenth centuries” (Laura LaHaye). The idea of mercantilism became highly adopted by Europeans and this viewpoint encouraged and motivated them to seek wealth and prosperity elsewhere. There was no point in trying to export such little resources that they had when they could simply extract wealth and resources from the new land. Poverty amongst the poor was also becoming ever so increasing forEuropeans. Wealthy land owners had begun converting previous farmlands into sheepherding