COMM2400 Study Guide Exam 2

COMM2400 Study Guide Exam 2 - EXAM STUDY GUIDE -1UNIT IV....

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EXAM STUDY GUIDE - 1 - UNIT IV. The Social Construction of Human Experience A. A Social Conception of Experience Formation Experience is a unitary relationship between a way of encountering the world and a world that is encountered in this way. The way of encountering and the encountered are fluid and indetermined, becoming determined only in the interaction. The world is filled with elements with multiple qualities that may be made into objects in multiple ways. The choice of which kinds of objects are made is a social choice. Both the attending which produced objects and the clear distinctions between different ones are human products not simple properties of the world. We all do a lot of work to produce ourselves and the world in particular ways and to keep distinctions clear. B. Subject Positions and the Politics of Experience All experience is positioned. The world is always seen from somewhere through some sense/sense-extending equipment. We will call any particular way of attending to the world a subject position. Subject positions, however are not personal and biographic. They are historically produced and socially shared. They are socially available possible ways of attending to the world. An "I/eye" as a subject position is a free-floating place or set of interests from which the world is seen/produced. The "realist" "I/eye" is seen through but disclaims its own existence; it purports to be transparent. We embody some subject positions as ours and in doing so often overlook their social historical nature. Subject positions are historically developed to accomplish some things and not others, to aid some people in their practical tasks. Subject positions, thus, have a political dimension. They advantage some people and interests at the expense of others. This will be called the politics of experience or the politics of the personal. To experience it as they experience it, they have to take on a very cultural eye. How do we understand those who are different? We can take on their eye. We can give up ours. We need to understand how these systems work. If we understand these, we see choices. Today it is a huge problem because we have industries to solely construct your experience. When we say that we consent to see the world a particular way—political—seeing it this way rather than that is to somebody’s benefit (Ex. Cereal boxes) What are we telling when we say this and not that. In all these things there are choices and these choices put in place advantages. It is somebody attending to something at the expense of someone else Our engagement with the outside is directional, toward some end. Subject positions are a kind of project in the world. Often certain "projects" become routine, habitual, and institutionalized. An institutionalized practice structures a particular type of subject with ways of valuing and understanding
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EXAM STUDY GUIDE - 2 - events. Technologies are material institutionalized subject positions and hence are part of the
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course COMM 2400 taught by Professor Standeetz during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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COMM2400 Study Guide Exam 2 - EXAM STUDY GUIDE -1UNIT IV....

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