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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at:Human Resource ManagementBook· January 2009DOI: 10.31357/bkc.fmsc.00001CITATIONS15READS40,4851 author:Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects:Quality of Work Life, Job Satisfaction, and the Facets of the Relationship between the Two ConstructsView projectHuman BehaviourView projectHenarath H. D. N. P OpathaUniversity of Sri Jayewardenepura141PUBLICATIONS1,518CITATIONSSEE PROFILEAll content following this page was uploaded byHenarath H. D. N. P Opathaon 22 January 2019.The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
Part IIntroduction to HRM1. Human Resource Management2. Human Resource Department
2Part I|Introduction to HRM1HumanResourceManagementThe first Chapter of this book is for presenting an introduction to Human ResourceManagement (HRM) which is critical in running organisations smoothly andimproving them further in order to enhance the standard of living of people.Chapter ObjectivesAfter studying this Chapter successfully, you should be able to:1.Definewhat Human Resource Management is.2.Analysegeneric purpose, strategic goals, objectives and functions of HRM.3.Knowa model of HRM.4.Understandwho are responsible for performance of HRM functions.5.Explainthe importance of HRM.6.Arguethat every manager is a human resource manager.7.DescribeHRM viewpoints and their considerations.8.ClassifyHRM functions into five fields of HRM.Ultimate purpose of an economy or a nation is betterstandard of livingof itspeople. Every nation/economy attempts to achieve a better standard of living in theperiod of time being considered compared with the past period of time. Generallystandard of living refers to the level of well-being enjoyed by people by fulfilling theirneeds (which are legally and morally acceptable). People have a huge number ofvarious needs including physical needs such as food, drinks, clothes and shelters. Youare aware that these needs of people are unlimited, various, and complex. Most of thegoods and services which are needed to meet these unlimited and various needs ofpeople are produced by organisations. There are some individuals who producegoods and services individually, not organisationally. Examples include a farmer whoproduces paddy, a doctor who gives medical treatments, and a teacher who teaches asubject. However, these goods and services too come to the consumers throughorganisations. There are some goods and services (e.g. producing a train, producingan aeroplane, developing a graduate, providing social security, and providing aninsurance), which cannot be produced by one individual at all and therefore,organisations will be indispensable for the purpose. Current economy in which welive is extremely complicated. As an economy we face various challenges. Our nationhas to face a number of challenges such as increasing population, production anddistribution of various things including food and drinks, alleviating the gap betweenthe rich and the poor and eradication of poverty, reducing unemployment rate,01Chapter

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