COMM 2500: Final Study Guide
(Chapters 9 ,10, 11, 12, 13, 14, Braithwaite and Baxter)
The final is organized like the midterm. If a concept is not on the study guide, it will not be on the exam.
You should be able to define (in your own words), give original examples of, compare (describe the
similarities between), contrast (describe the differences between), critique, and apply each of the
Escalation of relationships means the successful negotiation of both intimacy and control.
Relational escalation moves partners from social relationships to personal involvements
Cross-cultural comparisons regarding escalating relationships and the value of intimacy indicate,
for example, that North Americans might emphasize companionship needs when seeking out
friends and loves, whereas Japanese might emphasize the instrumental resources of the other
Most people would define this as increase in intimacy.
There are seven qualities of intimate relationships:
Interaction increased in terms of frequency, duration, and number of social contracts
Partners gain knowledge of one of one another’s innermost levels of being. Topics for discussion
and level of personalness of topics increase, and partners develop personal communication
Partners become more skilled at tracing and predicting each other’s behavior
Partners increase their own investments in the relationship.
Interdependence and a sense of “we-ness” increase
Partners feel that their separate interests are linked to the well-being of the relationship.
Features (just be aware of some of them…no need to memorize list)
Intimacy positively affects an individual’s personal welfare
Individual becomes more interdependent with the other person as the relationship
matures, and this helps the individual achieve desired personal outcomes.
The satisfaction of particular interpersonal needs: inclusion, control, and affection
Achieving an understanding of your partner, whether that person is a friend, relative, or
Escalation helps reduce uncertainty about the other person.
You may be personally exposed
You may be abandoned
You mat fear angry attacks by your partner
You may lose control over the situation
You may fear your own destructive impulses.
How do we escalate?
Fundamental interpersonal needs