CCJS 100 2nd Exam Study Guide A

CCJS 100 2nd Exam Study Guide A - This exam is almost...

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This exam is almost equally taken from the discussions and the text. Approximately 20% of the exam comes from the articles, so it is recommended you review the following articles: 1. Judges Turn Therapist in Problem-Solving Court Judges take time off to personally help convicts rehabilitate, “therapeutic jurisprudence” 2. Looking Askance at Eyewitness Testimony Witnesses are unreliable most of the time, they experience time elongation and lack of focus of event when a weapon is present 3. When prosecutors Err, Others Pay the Price Prosecutors are not held accountable for false convictions Alberto Ramos – rape conviction, 7 yrs in prison – paid $5 million, “the greatest crime of all is an unjust conviction” 4. The Results of American Incarceration prison populations are up, 1/3 of them are drug convictions 5. Do We Need the Death Penalty? 30 out of 7000 released from death row since 1973, good deterrent, shows absolute justice, 99% of convicted capital murders seek life sentence because they value life over freedom shows racism and is ineffective (even one error is unacceptable) You should review all chapters since the first examination, as well as all discussion sessions subsequent to the first examination. You should concentrate your studying on the following issues: Courts and Adjudication Review courts on the (dual court system) federal and state level. Be sure and know the various levels, particularly those that do and do not conduct felony trials Trial Courts Limited Jurisdiction: Trial Jurisdiction over Misdemeanor cases, Preliminary Matters in Felony Cases General Jurisdiction - Jurisdiction over all offenses including felonies, hear appeals Appellate Courts – hear appeals, no criminal cases Federal court Syst State Court Syst Supreme Court Appellate Courts of last resort, Supreme Court ^ ^ Circuit Court of Appeals Intermediate Court of Appeals ^ ^ District Courts Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction (district superior or circuit courts) ^ Trial Courts of limited Jurisdiction (Municipal, County, State Jurisdictions, Circuit Municipal Justice District Magistrate Courts) Develop an awareness of all the actors. Prosecutors – present criminal charges, “lawyers for the state”, count – each separate offense defense attorneys public provided to poor and private paid to represent Discovery Process – prosecutor’s case files must be made available for the defense, nolle prosequi – charges dismissed by the prosecutor juries – judge cases from court experience judges – must be neutral and negotiate also declare court decisions and review evidence etc. Be familiar with the various types of trials that you read about and were articulated in the lectures and discussion periods.
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CCJS 100 2nd Exam Study Guide A - This exam is almost...

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