UNIT – II BASIC ELEMENTS OF C: Introduction of C- • The C language was developed by “ Dennis Ritchie ” in the year 1972 at AT & T Bell Laboratories. Chronological Development in the Development of C: ALGOL 60 Algorithmic Language, International committee,1960 CPL Combined Programming Language Developed in Cambridge Univ, London, 1963 BCPL Basic Combined Language, Developed by Martin Richards, 1967 B Developed by Ken Thompson, Bell Labs, 1970 C Developed by Dennis Ritchie, Bell Labs, 1972 Types of C and Its Compilers: 1. TURBO C 2. BORLAND C 3. ANSI C 4. MICROSOFT C 5. QUICK C Features of C: • Middle Level language • General-Purpose Language • C is a Powerful structure oriented language. • Function oriented and modular programming language. • Except some keywords all the statements should be written in lowercase. • All the statements are terminated by semicolon except for header file inclusions, Macro definitions, function definitions, looping and conditions. • C provides enriched pointer handling properties. • C is rich in inbuilt functions and data types. • C is highly robust and portable.