History of Britain Icomp

History of Britain Icomp - History of Britain I Pre-History...

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History of Britain I: Pre-History to 1066 Invasions, War, Subjugation Pre-history (Stone, Bronze age invasions) The Celts: 5 th c B.C.E. (possibly 8 th c) Romans: 43 B.C.E. to 410 C.E. (A.D.) except in north, west, and Ireland. 5 th c: Angles and Saxons invade and settle (had plundered since 287 B.C.E.) 8 th c: Viking raiders 9 th- 10 th c: Viking conquests 1066: William of Normandy
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Britain: Prehistory Stone Age: to 2500 B.C.E. Important Archeological Sites: Skara Brae, Orkney Islands Dolmens/Quoits Newgrange Passage Grave Stone Circles/ Henges--beginnings
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Skara Brae: Neolithic (4500- 2500) http://www.skocia.hu/?module=wholearticle&art_id=2192 accessed 8/26/06
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Skara Brae http://www.billandcori.com/scotland/orkney.htm#skarabrae / accessed 8/26/06
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Dolmen/Quoit: Portal Grave J. K. Knepper, Ireland, 2004
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Dolman/Portal Tomb, Poulnabrone (Ireland) Among Druids
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Passage Grave: Newgrange, Ireland Grenham, 13 http://www.knowth.com/newgrange-images.htm
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Passage/Portal Tombs http://www.shadowsandstone.com/gallery/371690
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Bronze Age, 2500 – 700 B.C.E. Important archeological sites: Hill (Ring) Forts (1200 – 150 B.C.E.) Dun (Fort) Aengus Stone Circles (Henges) Stonehenge, part II
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Hill Fort: Dun Aengus Grenham 15 Origins, according to Celtic Myth: http://www.tirbriste.org/dmir/CelticCultures/0715/0715.html
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Dun Aengus http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/~tomshoemaker/celtic/DunAengus.jpg accessed 8/26/06
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Neolithic Stonehenge Bronze Age Stonehenge http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/stonehenge/stonehenge.html accessed 8/26/06
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Drombeg, County Cork http://www.stonepages.com/ireland/drombeg.html accessed 8/26/06
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Celtic Britain (Roberts 15-16; Heroes 9) Series of invasions by different tribes England: 8 th c BCE; Ireland 7 th c BCE Celts brought iron equipment and the art of iron-forging iron daggers and broadswords; iron ploughshares, axes, sickles, tires, bridle bits; iron bars, later coins as money. 5 th c BCE Celts: aristocratic warriors; subdued native (also Celtic) peoples.
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Hill/Ring Forts 1200 -150 BCE http://members.shaw.ca/davefoster/ire_www_thumbs.html (left) and Grianan of Do. Donegal, Grenham 19 (right)
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Celtic Culture 3 classes: Professionals : poets, historians, jurists, musicians, druids. Except for jurists, traveled between tribes. Free warriors : own land and cattle Unfree : (enslaved). Many were prisoners of war or their descendants
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Druids Priest, prophet, and astrologer/diviner. Also counselors, educators, judges, healers, keepers of the calendar, guardians of traditional knowledge. Second only to kings in society Oak groves sacred ( Among , 27; Heroes 39; Roberts 17)
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Celtic Religion and Myth Sources: Among Druids , Heroes of the Dawn , Roberts and Roberts, History of England Celtic religion: Pagan, Polytheistic, including local deities and spirits of place. Spirits and deities in rocks, trees, groves, rivers, mountains, waterfalls, making many of these places are sacred.
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