Definitions - Abnormal Psychology: Mental disorders, mental...

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Abnormal Psychology: Mental disorders, mental illness, and psychopathy Accommodation: Assimilation doesn’t work so the scheme has to be reconstructed and changed to accommodate the new information. Action Potential: Electrical charge that causes the neuron to be stimulated. An all-or nothing response Adequate Stimulus: The form of energy that will most readily give a stimulus (ex. Light/Visual system) Amygdala - Emotions like fear and excitement - When dude from the tv show shows up with a BIG DOLLA', you get excited, then he says it's a fake and you get mad Analyzing Results (modes of) – Central tendency: mean, median, and mode. Measures of variability: range and standard deviation. Anxious Resistant Attachmet: Infants either passively or actively show hostility toward the parent. Adults find that others are reluctant to get as close as they would like. Anxious / ambivalent adults often worry that their partner doesn't really love them or won't want to stay with them. Anxious / ambivalent adults want to merge completely with another person, and this desire sometimes scares people away Anxiety Disorders: Characterized by excessive feelings of anxiety with a behavorial response to war off the anxiety. “Less severe” of the mental disorders – patients don’t typically lose contact with reality, they might cope poorly but they can cope. Assimilation: Occurs when a child can easily incorporate a new experience into an existing scheme Availability Bias: Judgments are biased by memorable, salient events more than they should be Avoidant Attachment : Infants avoid the parent. Adults are somewhat uncomfortable being close to others; they find it difficult to trust others completely, difficult to allow themselves to depend on others. Avoidant adults are nervous when anyone gets too close, and often, love partners want them to be more intimate than they feel comfortable being. Behavior : Actions and expressions of thoughts and feelings Behavioral psychologist – Only interested in behavior, not the reason why Behavioralism – Developed from functionalist/Structuralist. Basic approach – look at the physiological level and the neurons Broca's Area - Language formation - I BROCA the doll that says mama, mama Case Studies – Often used in neuro-psychology, rare in other areas. Lots of information, but specific to one person. Central Nervous System: Consists of spinal cord and the brain Cerebral Cortex - Judgements - when the rabbit steals the Trix he goes to CEREAL COURT so that he can be judged Chunking: Short term memory holds about 7 items, by chunking (making groups) one can remember it better (ex. From 1776198947110911 to 1776 1989 4711 0911) Classical conditioning: First major theory of learning. Deals with a response to a conditioned and unconditioned stimulus. Puppies salivating to bells. Example:
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Caffiene/Coffee drinking: UCS = Caffine, UCR = arousal CS = Small, CR = “arousal” Crystallized Intelligence: Easily defined, ability to be memorized. Does not change with
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2008 for the course PSYCH 101B taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '07 term at Washington University in St. Louis.

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Definitions - Abnormal Psychology: Mental disorders, mental...

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