Trauma & Injury Classification

Trauma & Injury Classification - Trauma Injury...

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Trauma & Injury Classification Chapter 9
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Main Causes of Athletic Injuries ____________________ Strength/power/endurance, CV, flexibility ____________________ Physical exhaustion, staleness, boredom, overtraining _____________________ Poor technique training, overtraining
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Main Causes of Athletic Injuries __________________________ Predisposition to injury / illness _________________________ It’s gonna happen __________________________ Heat or cold induced
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Acute Injuries ____________ onset ____________ < 72 hrs ___________-trauma Ex: Fx, sprain, strain, contusion Subacute Stage Acute onset injuries that are > 72 hrs No quite chronic yet
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Chronic / Persistent Injuries Typically ” ___________” injuries Caused by repetitive ___________-trauma Ex: Tendinitis,Stress fx, bursitis Chronic ankle sprain?
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Sprains Acute injury to ______________________ _________________________________ _ _____________: connect bone to bone _____________: reinforce joints _____________: provide nutrients / lubrication to joints Occur when forces are exerted beyond the normal anatomical limits of the structure
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Grade 1 / 1 st degree / mild Stretching of the tissues S/S: TX: RICE, STP, protect for activity Usually play w/ it 7-10 d’s,
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Grade II / 2 nd degree / moderate Partial tearing of structures S/S: TX: RICE, STP, immobilize briefly for healing / protection, refer to physician, activity to tolerance if safe w/ protection, tape / brace/ support upon return 2-3 weeks
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Grade III / 3 rd degree/ major / tear Substantial tearing of structures S/S: Pain may quickly subside if nerve is injured TX: RICE, STP, refer to physician, possible surgery, brace/ support / protect upon return 4-6 weeks minimum
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Strains Acute injury to ___________________ __________ allow us to function / move __________ connect muscle to bone Caused by abnormal contraction or stretching of a muscle / tendon beyond its capacity
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Grade I / 1 st degree / minor Stretching of tissues S/S: TX: RICE, STP, very light stretch, activity to tolerance, 7-10 days
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Grade II / 2 nd Degree / Moderate Partial tearing of structure S/S: TX: RICE, STP, very light stretching w/o pain, refer to physician, activity to tolerance? w/ support / protection, 2-3 weeks
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Grade III / 3 rd Degree / Major / Torn
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