Module 6 Homework Assignment - HIS 125 Module 6 Homework...

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HIS 125 Module 6 Homework AssignmentHIS 125 Module 6 Homework AssignmentChris D. StewartAllied American UniversityAuthor NoteThis paper was prepared for Introduction to History (HIS 125), Module 6 HomeworkAssignment taught by Professor Steve DiGerlando.
HIS 125 Module 6 Homework AssignmentPART IDirections:Read the questions below and write a response of at least two paragraphs in length.Each paragraph must consist of 5 to 7 sentences. Your answers should provide strong examplesand details from the textbook. 1.How did early peoples in the Americas adapt to their environment as they createdtechnologies of food production and economics systems?Around 8000 b.c.e. people in the Americas began growing crops and gathering wild produce. They started by planting their native seeds like pumpkins, chilies, beans, and avocados. In southern Mexico, the most important crop to the Americas was beginning to be produced and that was “Maize.” No one is sure how Maize (corn) made itto the Americas or how it was even created. Biologists can only guess that maize is related to a grass called “Teosinte” that mutated and formed large kernels. The local people discovered this mutated grass and immediately started crossbreeding it so that it would produce better crops next year. This was the beginning of corn as we know it or at least our best guess. Various types of maize was produced for the different types of climates so that they would receive the best crops during harvest season. In the highlands of Mesoamerica they often planted their crops in “Milpa’s,” which is what they called their fields, the beans use the maize stalks for support as they grow and produce nitrogen in the soil, which is a natural fertilizer. This allowed crops to grow repeatedly in Milpas, whereas in single-crop planting in which rotation is needed so you do not exhaust the soil. The Andean people built terraces up steep slopes to create more land for farming andto limit soil erosion. The Incas built aqueducts and canals to bring water to terraced fields. Maize was so important that it had a symbolic and religious meaning. Maize was featured in statues and had its own deity, which they held ceremonies regularly to honor
HIS 125 Module 6 Homework Assignmentthis god. In central Mexico, they also built “Chinampas,” which is a floating garden that are made from dredged up soil from the bottom of the lake or river and placed mats madeof woven twigs. Maize did not grow well in high altitudes, so in the Andes people relied on potatoes as their staple food. Andeans built a system called the “Vertical Archipelagos,” which connected high-altitude valleys to mountain life and vegetation. The terraces they built are where they would plant their crops and harvest them when ready, but there was aproblem as potatoes cannot be stored for a long period. The Andean people came up with a solution called “Chunu.” Chunu is a form of freeze-drying the potatoes by subjecting

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