Module 4 Homework Assignment - HIS 125 Module 4 Homework...

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HIS 125 Module 4 Homework AssignmentHIS 125 Module 4 Homework AssignmentChris D. StewartAllied American UniversityAuthor NoteThis paper was prepared for Introduction to History (HIS 125), Module 4 HomeworkAssignment taught by Professor Steve DiGerlando.
HIS 125 Module 4 Homework AssignmentPART IDirections: Read the questions below and write a response of at least two paragraphs in length.Each paragraph must consist of 5 to 7 sentences. Your answers should provide strong examplesand details from the textbook. 1.What were the social, cultural and political consequences of the unification of Chinaunder the strong centralized governments of the Qin and Han Empires?The Qin dynasty started in 221 b.c.e. where after Qin defeated his last rival became king of China. This was the first time China had been unified in many centuries. Qin did not think the term “King” was not grand enough for him and so he invented the title “Emperor.” Qin believed in legalist institutions designed to concentrate power in the hands of the ruler, which made the governments stability dependent of his strength and character. Qin decided, with his legalist minister Li Si, to centralize everyone. The first step was crippling the nobles from defunct states by making them leave their lands to livein the capital. The next step was outlawing the possession of arms and this was done to make it more difficult for his subjects to rebel against him. Qin sent officials to control territories that had been conquered through long lists of regulations, reporting requirements, and penalties for inadequate performance. However, these officials owed their power and positions entirely to the emperor as the officials had no hereditary rights to their offices. The First Emperor ordered a census of the population to determine the cost of public works, tax revenues needed to pay for them, and the labor force available for military service and building projects. The First Emperor standardized the Chinese script, outlawing regional variations in the ways words were written (one of the most significant contributions of the Qin Dynasty). He also standardized weights, measures, coinage, and even the axle lengths of carts so that the carts wheels did not rut roads. Qin
HIS 125 Module 4 Homework Assignmentmade another huge achievement by creating thousands of miles of roads so that his armies could move across the land more quickly. However, his decision to create these roads also helped facilitate the trading of merchandise. Qin’s other impressive achievement was the completion of the “Great Wall” which protected the northern border of the Qin realm and the land controlled by the nomadic Xiongnu. The most horrific thingEmperor Qin did was burn all ancient textbooks (except for books on agriculture, medicine, and divination) because Li Si reported Chinese historians were calling EmperorQin cruel, arbitrary, impetuous, suspicious, and superstitious megalomaniac. Emperor

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