Spielvogel - 1. During the Renaissance, Italian trade rose...

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1.During the Renaissance, Italian trade rose dramatically, bringing the country (or,at least, its main city-states) to immense wealth and power throughout Europe.Unfortunately, Italy remained mostly divided with infighting and was unable tocapitalize on its success. Another economic star was the Hanseatic League,which consisted of Germany, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark (plus a few otherlittle guys from Northern Europe). They became a superpower in their own right,and traded effectively throughout Europe. Socially, a large emphasis was placedon the arts and humanities, especially considering people’s new desire forbeautiful, splendorous cities. Italy restored its old grandeur through the hiring ofbig names like Michaelangelo, Raphael, and Donatello. These incredible mastersbrought beauty to their regions through the combination of art and math -geometrically perfect sculptures and proportionally exact paintings were of highquality, price, and demand during this period. Familially, the structure of thehousehold remained static, but with more and more books written in thevernacular and education becoming slightly more of a standard within upperclass citizens, the literacy rates of the period skyrocketed, and even womenbenefited through the sharing of knowledge.2.Renaissance means “rebirth,” an apt title for a period known for the revival of theclassics and renewal of old technology and inventions.The Renaissance affectednearly every aspect of life, but particularly that of the state of mind of the generalpopulace. Nobility became more genteel and respected, lower class citizensbecame more educated, general wealth increased, and, most notably, manypeople took a few steps back from the church. The population began to focusmore on advancing themselves as individuals as opposed to only serving God,and even began to directly contradict and challenge the rules of the church. TheRenaissance blends not-quite-smoothly from the Middle Ages, taking many yearsand struggles before fully cementing itself within a new period.3.Castiglione wrote a book called the Book of the Courtier, and stressed theimportance of nobility serving the monarchy they lived under. He explained thethree primary attributes of a good noble: having impeccable character anddecorum, being educated classically and militarily and having great skill withweapons, and setting a good example for the citizens beneath you, leadingothers to aspire to reach higher. This turned the noble society from a group ofwitless thugs with titles into clean, refined people with class, and still represents aprimary example of a mannerful person today.

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Term
Fall
Professor
James Corbett
Tags
History, European History, AP European History, AP EURO, Chapter 12, Test Prep, The Prince, renaissance, AP Test Prep, Spielvogel, AP Test

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