Chapter 11 General Outline - Chapter 11 General Outline The Later Middle Ages Crisis and Disintegration in the Fourteenth Century These are the Key

Chapter 11 General Outline - Chapter 11 General Outline The...

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Chapter 11 General Outline The Later Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in the Fourteenth Century These are the Key Concepts, people, events, developments and general information that you will most likely be held responsible for on the AP Euro Exam in May. Be sure to use this as a guide. Use the lecture, our study guide, writing assignments and your own reading to fill in the details needed to master the information given to you in this general outline. A Time of Troubles: Black Death and Social Crisis I. Famine and Population A. "Little Ice Age" 1. Small drop in average temperatures 2. Results in heavy rains and shorter growing seasons B. Famine 1. Result of "Little Ice Age" and population growth up to 1300 2. Most severe between 1315 and 1317 3. Food supply can no longer support population II. The Black Death A. Bubonic Plague 1. Most devastating natural disaster in European History 2. Rats and fleas carry bacterium Yersinia pestis 3. Symptoms: high fever, swollen lymph nodes, bruising B. Spread of the Plague 1. Originated in Asia 2. Mongol trade routes carried to Constantinople and Sicily in 1347 3. Spread north and east by means of trade routes, reaching Russia by 1351 4. Wiped out between 25 - 50 percent of European population (19 - 38 million dead in four years) 5. Plague returns in 1361 - 1362 and 1369 III. Life and Death: Reactions to the Plague A. Psychological Reactions 1. Sexual and alcoholic orgies 2. Boccaccio, the Decameron 3. Wealthy flee to country homes (self-preservation instinct) 4. Mass hysteria B. Plague as a punishment from God 1. Extreme asceticism 2. The flagellants 3. Attacks against Jews: pogroms C. Preoccupation with death and violence IV. Economic Dislocation and Social Upheava l A. Plague results in labor shortage + falling prices for agricultural products =

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