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Chapter 11 General OutlineThe Later Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in theFourteenth Century These are the Key Concepts, people, events, developments and general information that you will most likely be held responsible for on the AP Euro Exam in May. Be sure to use this as a guide. Use the lecture, our study guide, writing assignments and your own reading to fill in the details needed to master the information given to you in this general outline.A Time of Troubles: Black Death and Social CrisisI. Famine and PopulationA. "Little Ice Age"1. Small drop in average temperatures2. Results in heavy rains and shorter growing seasonsB. Famine1. Result of "Little Ice Age" and population growth up to 13002. Most severe between 1315 and 13173. Food supply can no longer support populationII. The Black DeathA. Bubonic Plague1. Most devastating natural disaster in European History2. Rats and fleas carry bacterium Yersinia pestis3. Symptoms: high fever, swollen lymph nodes, bruisingB. Spread of the Plague1. Originated in Asia2. Mongol trade routes carried to Constantinople and Sicily in 13473. Spread north and east by means of trade routes, reaching Russia by 13514. Wiped out between 25 - 50 percent of European population (19 - 38 milliondead in four years)5. Plague returns in 1361 - 1362 and 1369III. Life and Death: Reactions to the PlagueA. Psychological Reactions1. Sexual and alcoholic orgies2. Boccaccio, the Decameron3. Wealthy flee to country homes (self-preservation instinct)4. Mass hysteriaB. Plague as a punishment from God1. Extreme asceticism2. The flagellants3. Attacks against Jews: pogromsC. Preoccupation with death and violenceIV. Economic Dislocation and Social UpheavalA. Plague results in labor shortage + falling prices for agricultural products =