Tibbetts - Chapter 15 (6e) - Chapter 15 State Building and...

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Chapter 15 State Building and the Search for Order in the 17thCentury The Thirty Years War 1.Bohemian Phase: 1618-25 2.Danish Phase: 1625-29 3.Swedish Phase: 1630-35 4.Franco-Swedish Phase: 1635-48
Chapter 15 State Building and the Search for Order in the 17thCentury 2 Holy Roman Emperors/Kings of Germany 1.Maximilian I 1508-1519 2.Charles V 1519-1556 3.Ferdinand I 1556-1564 4.Maximilian II 1564-1576 5.Rudolph II 1576-1612 6. Matthias 1612-1619 7.Ferdinand II 1619-1637 8.Ferdinand III 1637-1657 9.Leopold I 1657-1705 The Habsburg Dynasties, 1508-1705 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Kings of Spain 1.Charles V 1516-1556 2.Philip II 1556-1598 3.Philip III 1598-1621 4.Philip IV 1621-1665 5.Charles II 1665-1700
I. Social Crises, War and Rebellions The Spread of Witchcraft Witches and witchcraft in the 16th& 17thcenturies increased number of trials and executions versus earlier centuries More than 100,000 people prosecuted throughout Europe Accused witches typically confessed under torture Religious uncertainty played a role in the witchcraft hysteria, as well as changing social conditions Women were the chief victims of witchcraft trials Decline Witchcraft hysteria declined by the mid 17thcentury Destruction of the religious wars had forced people to be more tolerant Improved education caused people to question the logic of witchcraft claims VOCAB! 411 A. The Witchcraft Craze 3 Chapter 15 State Building and the Search for Order in the 17thCentury Textbook page
I. Social Crises, War and Rebellions Background to the War The Thirty Years War lasted from 1618-1648 , was known as the “Last of the Religious Wars”Primary cause: Religion especially militant Catholicism versus militant Calvinism Later: secular, dynastic-nationalist reasons were more important Much of the fighting took place in the Germanic lands of the Holy Roman Empire, later became a Europe-wide conflict Some view it as part of a larger war between the Bourbon dynasty of France and Habsburg dynasties of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire Despite the Peace of Augsburg (1555), struggle between Catholics and Lutherans for control of German territories continued Many German states had adopted Calvinism German states divided between the Protestant Union and Catholic League VOCAB! 413 B. The Thirty Years War 4 Chapter 15 State Building and the Search for Order in the 17thCentury
I. Social Crises, War and Rebellions The Bohemian Phase (1618-1625) Many of the Bohemian nobles were Calvinists and the Habsburg Achduke Ferdinand, devoutly Catholic, began to Catholicize Bohemia Protestants rebelled, seized Bohemia and deposed Ferdinand, choosing instead Frederick V, elector of the Palatinate and head of the Protestant Union Ferdinand was elected Holy Roman Emperor and, aided by Maximilian of Bavaria and the Catholic League, defeated Frederick and the Bohemian nobles at the Battle of White Mountain in 1620 The Spanish invaded the Palatinate and Frederick fled to the United Provinces of the Netherlands

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