Medical Botany Exam Review 2 - Medical Botany Exam#2 Review...

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Medical Botany Exam #2 Review Lecture 4 1. Some studies suggest tinnitus and hearing damage are ameliorated by extracts of a. Ginkgo 2. Diabetic retinopathy may be improved by plant extracts that inhibit a. Aldose reductase 3. Extracts of _______ are thought to promote hair growth because of their ability to inhibit 5a-reductase. a. Serenoa repens 4. Pilocarpine causes _______ of smooth muscles resulting in reduced pressure to treat glaucoma. a. Contraction 5. What is the molecule responsible for the burning sensation in eyes after cutting onions? a. Propanehial-S-oxide 6. Atropine is a ________ that causes the smooth muscles of the eyes to expand a. Muscarinic antagonist 7. The two components of Cannabis sativa are a. THC (agonist of CB1, GPR55) b. CBD (antagonist GPR55) 8. Hyperglycemia is a risk factor for a. Cataracts b. Eye cellular damage 9. Higher intake of carotene, lycopene, and Vitamin is associated with a reduced risk of a. Retinopathy and Cataracts 10. Low Serotonin activity and activation of TRPA1 can be associated with a. Headaches or Migraines 11. Griffonia simpicifolia and Petasites hybridus (butterbur) are used to help treat a. Migraines 12. Phenylpropanoids and flavonoids as aldose reductase inhibitors are also a. Antioxidants 13. Vaccinium (blueberries) contain antioxidants to help treat a. Cataracts
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Lecture 5 1. Sweeteners such as sugar are commonly obtained from a. Sugarcane 2. This is a. Sucralose 3. Stevioside consists of 3 glucose molecules attached to a a. Terpene 4. Extracts of _______ can agonize or antagonize T1R2/T1R3 receptors depending on the pH. a. Sysepalum dulcificum (miracle fruit) 5. The T1R1/T1R3 receptor agonist is for what type of taste receptor a. Umami taste receptor 6. What is an antagonist of the T1R2/T1R3 receptor? a. Gymnemic acid 7. Plant extracts containing fatty acid amides that are commonly used for toothaches are obtained from all of these plants except a. Gymnema 8. Oil pulling commonly uses the oil of a. Sesame 9. Manilkara sap was often used to make a. Chewing gum 10. Ethanol is made from yeast fermentation of a. Grapes, b. Barley, hops c. Apples, d. Fermented products 11. Arecoline a. Causes oxidative damage (p53 inhibition) 12. Periodontitis is positively correlated with low levels of a. Antioxidants
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13. Coca chewing linked to decreased salivary flow and
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