Chapter 5: Civil Rights Vocabulary/Concepts: Discrimination Strict Scrutiny Civil Rights de jure segregation Equal Protection Clause de facto segregation 13th Amendment Intermediate Scrutiny 14th Amendment Affirmative Action 15th Amendment Jim Crow Laws Separate but Equal Objectives The Student will be able to: Evaluate the role of public opinion, interest groups, and political parties (TC) 1. Define civil rights- Civil rights are when the government takes steps to actively secure equality for different groups in society. 2. Describe the expansion of civil rights within their historical context a. Slavery and the abolitionist movement- William Lloyd Harrison (Leader of the Abolitionist movement) 1840- World Anti-Slavery Convention (London) Mott and Stanton Seneca Falls Convention- 1848 is where women come together and write the Declaration of Sentiments. 1857- Dredd Scott Case: Supreme Court ruled that Blacks were not citizens and you don’t lose slave property when you move to a “non-slave” state; 1860-1865 Civil War b. Link to the women’s rights movement: Women felt that they are connected to the slaves because they both have struggles. c. The Civil War and its amendments to the Constitution i. 13th, 14th and 15th Amendment: 13 th gets rid of slavery, 14 th gives equal protection under the law and says if you are born here you are a citizen, 15 th states that the states are not allowed to restrict people based on race or gender. ii. 1870: Split between women’s movement and African American Civil Rights iii. Civil Rights Act of 1875: Private businesses could not discriminate against people. iv. Civil Rights Cases 1883 : All challenged the civil rights act and the courts ruled the civil rights act of 1875 unconstitutional.
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- Spring '08
- Civil Rights, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution