final research paper

final research paper - Cameron 1 Anna Cameron Dr Abala...

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Cameron 1 Anna Cameron Dr Abala English 102 – 02 November 29, 2007 The Key to the Mitigation of Global Warming: At Home in the United States? “I think it's crazy for us to play games with our children's future. We know what's happening to the climate, we have a highly predictable set of consequences if we continue to pour greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.” These are the words of Bill Clinton, the forty-second President of the United States of America, at the United Nations Climate Conference, in December of 2005. As the year 2008 approaches, the catastrophic phenomenon that the former President speaks of, and what scientists call ‘global warming’, is only becoming more of a reality, and an extremely devastating one at that. The average temperature of the world has ascended a total of 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit within the last century, with the most noteworthy increases recorded throughout the past few decades. Various climate studies demonstrate that the past two decades have been easily the warmest for perhaps several millennia, proving that the temperature of the earth is increasing at an incredible rate. Arctic regions are experiencing especially extreme effects, particularly regarding the melting of glaciers. It has been recorded that the number of glaciers in Montana’s Glacier Natural Park has dropped from one hundred and fifty to twenty-seven since 1910. Icy regions aren’t the only ones feeling the effects of global warming, though. In 1998, coral reefs showed the most bleaching, or ‘die-off’, in history, with some damage covering seventy percent of
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Cameron 2 certain reefs. And of course, there is the increase in extreme weather and natural disasters. Wildfires, heat waves, and tropical storms can be attributed, at least in part, to the rise of global warming. Palpably, global warming is turning into an international predicament, which only seems to be getting worse. As scientific studies continue to solidify evidence of the quickly heightening presence of global warming, world leaders and environmental activists are eager to discover a stratagem capable of bringing the greenhouse effect to a halt. In 1997, in hopes of putting in place a global initiative to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions, the United Nations created the Kyoto Protocol. The Protocol asks industrialized countries to reduce emissions by various percentages depending on the country, between the years 2008 and 2012. The United States, whose population represents a mere six percent of the global total, creates over twenty-five percent of worldwide emanations. Under the conditions of the Kyoto Accord, the American government was asked to reduce emissions seven percent below 1990 levels (a thirty- three percent total reduction). But the American government, with George W. Bush at its head, has decided against the ratification of the treaty, due to several factors. Members of the United Nations are furious with this decision, calling it “provocative and appalling”. Yaskuko Ishii, a member of the environment ministry, states, “In terms of the
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course ENG 102 taught by Professor Abala during the Spring '08 term at Ohio Dominican.

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final research paper - Cameron 1 Anna Cameron Dr Abala...

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