Russian 13 Final Exam - study guide

Russian 13 Final Exam - study guide - Russian 13 Final Exam...

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Russian 13 Final Exam 1. folktale a. a traditional narrative that’s strictly fictional and told primarily for entertainment, although may also illustrate a moral b. may help instill cultural values, fear, and norms c. take place anytime or no time d. have no direct place markers e. contain both human and non-human characters 2. types of folktales a. formula tales i. follow a certain pattern/formula ii. usually very simple iii. chains of repetitions iv. contradictions or extremes are dialogue-based (usually dialogue with audience) v. catch tales which is a strict game with an expected answer vi. endless tales which end and begin with the same line so that it repeats b. animal tales i. actors are mainly domestic or wild animals that act like humans ii. shift easily between animal and human world iii. certain stock animals that differ from area to area iv. trickster cycles in which certain character travels from one narrative to another v. some reflect creation stories because they demonstrate process of development and believed the ancestor to be the animal vi. fox=clever, wolf=dumb c. social tales (tales of everyday life) i. little or no supernatural elements (if present, they’re not central) ii. fairly realistic iii. contemporary setting, can recognize the place but don’t know the specific name iv. lack predictability v. ritualistic structure vi. conflict between opposites vii. common themes: solving a riddle or uncovering a lie, deceit, trickery, focus is on human interaction d. magic tales (märchen) i. wonder tales, nursery tales, ordinary tales, fairy tales ii. largest group of tales iii. formulized opening/closing iv. setting is an unnamed kingdom in a remote time v. characters include: royalty, imaginary creatures vi. typical elements: repetition, transformations, magic objects, helping animals 3. Axel Olrik
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a. Denmark folk scholar b. Saw repetitiveness of folk tales c. Singled out certain elements d. Aid in narration and remembering (translation) 4. Olrik’s Laws of folk narrative a. Law of opening and closing- formulaic, calm/relaxed, brought back to reality b. Law of repetition- action, words, serves as a shortcut, stall technique c. Law of three d. Law of patterning- two people/situations are as similar as possible, act alike e. Law of two to a scene- only 2 people interact, always a dialogue f. Law of contrast- characters are always polarized g. Law of twins-2 people who fill in the same role, interchangeable h. Law of initial and final position- first person is the most powerful, last person will be the focus i. Concentration on a leading character- focus is on one person j. Law of the single strand- narrative is linear, chronological k. The unity of plot- everything/everyone contributes to the plot, nothing is unnecessary l. Use of tableaux scenes- most epic, memorable, stunning moment of the tale m. The logic of a folk narrative- makes sense within the logic of the narrative 5. Brothers Grimm a.
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course RUSS 13 taught by Professor .... during the Fall '05 term at Dartmouth.

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Russian 13 Final Exam - study guide - Russian 13 Final Exam...

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