REL%201350%20Study%20Guide%202015 - 1 REL 1350 Weaver Study...

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1REL 1350WeaverStudy Guide MaterialsNo More Like Matthias: Apostolic FathersDefinition of Apostolic Father: The generation after the New Testament era. Include Clement of Rome, Ignatius of Antioch, and Polycarp.oTheir connection to apostles: They were students of Jesus' disciples.Ecclesiology: Doctrine of the church.Heresy, Orthodoxy: Heresy: Incorrect doctrine. Orthodoxy: Correct doctrine. Ignatius of Antioch:Warned against divisions, supported rise of bishops. oUse of the word catholic: Coined term “Catholic”, universal, worldwide, first used by Ignatius. oMonarchical episcopate: One ruling bishop, established authority to avoid divisions (Catholic), supported by Ignatius. oView of Eucharist: Viewed Eucharist as “medicine for soul.” Presence of Christ in the Eucharist.Desired to be a martyr ("I am God's wheat").oView of Docetism: Warned against Docetism. Theology of martyrdom oMeaning of the term: Was seen as an imitation of Christ. Deemed the ultimate sacrifice.oLetter of Pliny to Trajan: Said to not seek out Christians, but to punish them if found guilty.oIgnatius’ conception of martyrdom for himselfApostolic Fathers: the Didache; Persecution of Early ChristiansDidacheoSome characteristics of the “way of life and way of death”: Way of life- includes: shared goods, yoke of the lord, gratitude, and unity. The way of death- includes: murder, abortion, witchcraft, and schism's.oInstructions on baptism, fasting and Lord’s Prayer: In the name of the father, son and holy spirit, use living (running) water, cold water is preferred, and pour on the head 3 times. Fasting two times a week and Lord's Prayer 3 times a day.oMeans of testing a false prophet: Couldn't stay longer than 2 or 3 days, andcould only except bread, NO MONEY.oThe author’s words on following the whole yoke of the Lord: If you are able to bear the whole yoke of the lord, you will be perfect, but if you are not able, do what you can.oIts other title
2Martyrdom of Polycarp – the fire: Put in the fire but wasn’t burned. 86 years oldwould not renounce faithcaught on fire but did not burnwas it literal, or did it depict him as a Moses figure?Perpetua and FelicitasoSummarize story: oRole of father- Father tried to persuade Perpetua to denounce her faith. Role of the infant- Father tried to guilt her with her son, but he suddenly no longer needed her milk. Role of brothers- Had vision of brother (separated by pool of water). Pitcher- Compares self to pitcher- can't change identity.Conditions of women- Had vision of self as a man defeating beasts > knows victory against devil awaits her; Felicitas = preggers, births daughter; both die as martyrs.oThey are from where…. North AfricaEdict of Milan: 313- Under Constantine's ruledeclared tolerance of all religions, especially Christianityexpected divine favor in return and a happy population.

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