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REL%201350%20Study%20Guide%202015 - 1 REL 1350 Weaver Study...

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1REL 1350WeaverStudy Guide MaterialsNo More Like Matthias: Apostolic FathersDefinition of Apostolic Father:The generation after the New Testament era.Include Clement of Rome, Ignatius of Antioch, and Polycarp.oTheir connection to apostles:They were students of Jesus' disciples.Ecclesiology:Doctrine of the church.Heresy, Orthodoxy: Heresy:Incorrect doctrine.Orthodoxy:Correct doctrine.Ignatius of Antioch:Warned against divisions, supported rise of bishops.oUse of the word catholic:Coined term “Catholic”, universal, worldwide,first used by Ignatius.oMonarchical episcopate:One ruling bishop, established authority to avoiddivisions (Catholic), supported by Ignatius.oView of Eucharist:Viewed Eucharist as “medicine for soul.” Presence ofChrist in the Eucharist.Desired to be a martyr ("I am God's wheat").oView of Docetism:Warned against Docetism.Theology of martyrdomoMeaning of the term:Was seen as an imitation of Christ. Deemed theultimate sacrifice.oLetter of Pliny to Trajan:Said to not seek out Christians, but to punishthem if found guilty.oIgnatius’ conception of martyrdom for himselfApostolic Fathers: the Didache; Persecution of Early ChristiansDidacheoSome characteristics of the “way of life and way of death”:Way of life-includes: shared goods, yoke of the lord, gratitude, and unity. The way ofdeath- includes: murder, abortion, witchcraft, and schism's.oInstructions on baptism, fasting and Lord’s Prayer: In the name of thefather, son and holy spirit, use living (running) water, cold water ispreferred, and pour on the head 3 times. Fasting two times a week andLord's Prayer 3 times a day.oMeans of testing a false prophet:Couldn't stay longer than 2 or 3 days, andcould only except bread, NO MONEY.oThe author’s words on following the whole yoke of the Lord:If you areable to bear the whole yoke of the lord, you will be perfect, but if you arenot able, do what you can.oIts other title
2Martyrdom of Polycarp –the fire:Put in the fire but wasn’t burned.86 years oldwould not renounce faithcaught on fire but did not burnwas it literal, or did itdepict him as a Moses figure?Perpetua and FelicitasoSummarize story:oRole of father-Father tried to persuade Perpetua to denounce her faith.Role of the infant-Father tried to guilt her with her son, but he suddenlyno longer needed her milk.Role of brothers-Had vision of brother (separated by pool of water).Pitcher-Compares self to pitcher- can't change identity.Conditions of women-Had vision of self as a man defeating beasts >knows victory against devil awaits her; Felicitas = preggers, birthsdaughter; both die as martyrs.oThey are from where….North AfricaEdict of Milan:313- Under Constantine's ruledeclared tolerance of all religions,especially Christianityexpected divine favor in return and a happy population.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Holleyman

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