exam2 - Rodrguez 1 David Diego Rodrguez, Ph.D. University...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Rodríguez 1 David Diego Rodríguez, Ph.D. University of Illinois at Chicago http://www.uic.edu/~ddr ddr@uic.edu Spanish 104 Exam II Study Guide Forms of the Imperfect The imperfect is easy to conjugate since all the infinitives are regular—except for the exceptions. Drop the infinitive ending and add: -ar verbs: -aba, -abas, -aba, -ábamos, -abais, -aban -er verbs: -ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -íais, -ían -ir verbs: -ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -íais, -ían You must memorize these exceptions: ser: era, eras, era, éramos, erais, eran ir: iba, ibas, iba, íbamos, ibais, iban ver: veía, veías, veía, veíamos, veíais, veían The imperfect focuses on a past action in progress or an ongoing condition, with no mention made of, or attention called to the beginning or end of that situation. The imperfect describes the background for another action: the time, place, or other relevant information: An action or condition in progress: Mario caminaba por el parque. An ongoing action or condition: Inés estaba contenta. The hour (telling time): Eran las dos de la tarde. Habitual or repeated actions: Íbamos al cine los sábados. A past action that has not yet happened (the future in the past): Cristina iba a ser enfermera. Forms of the Preterite For the regular preterite forms, drop the infinitive ending and add: -ar verbs: -é, -aste, -ó, -amos, asteis, -aron -er verbs: -í, -iste, -ió, -imos, -isteis, -ieron -ir verbs: -í, -iste, -ió, -imos, -isteis, -ieron Some verbs undergo a spelling change in some of the conjugtions to maintain the sound from the infinitive: buscar: bus qu é, buscaste, buscó, buscamos, buscasteis, buscaron llegar: lle gu é, llegaste, llegó, llegamos, llegasteis, llegaron comenzar: comen c é, comenzaste, comenzó, comenzamos, comenzasteis, comenzaron When the stem of an -er or -ir verb ends in a vowel, the i of the third person singular and plural changes to
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

exam2 - Rodrguez 1 David Diego Rodrguez, Ph.D. University...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online