Notes - 14th Century Late Gothic or Proto-Renaissance...

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14 th Century Late Gothic or Proto-Renaissance Rebirth of classical antiquity (Greco-Roman Era) Renewed interest in humanism Florence / Proto-Renaissance o Dominant place in the creation of art o Looks so much like the past o Cathedral Duomo Dominates the city Architectural edifice Took 2 centuries to build because they lacked the engineering know-how to build the come Lacks the gothic “soaring” style Cimabue o Italo-Byzantine traditions o Religious, flat, lacks gold leaf Gold leaf was the most expensive material available at the time o Attempts to create naturalistic view o Symmetrically placed images o Expressionless faces to show eternal reality Giotto o Cimabue’s student o Painted similar image of the virgin and child which departed from the previous one o More three-dimensional, detailed shading, shows the Madonna as a more maternal figure o Major masterpiece was created in Padua Scrovegni (Arena) Chapel 1
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May have had a hand in the actual design of the chapel Mural painting in fresco painted on wet plaster Depicted a progression of scenes illustrating a narrative of the Madonna and the child o The Lamentation Christ being laid into the tomb Displays increased interest in humanity through emotions displayed on the figures Visual and natural phenomena by usage of light, which is a transition towards the styles of the Renaissance Attempts to create the perception that the viewer is there o Master of stagecraft o Perceptual vs. conceptual view Duccio o Harkens back to Italo-Byzantine, although uses some innovations o “Virgin and Child in Majesty” (1308-1311) The Lorenzetti Brothers o “The Allegory of Good and Bad Government” in Siena o Both brothers died during the Bubonic Plague 1438 was considered the peak of the plague Jean Pucelle o Book of Hours Manuscript illumination The illustration of a manuscript o Grisaille Black and white o International gothic o Dolls-eye view o The Madonna exhibits gothic s-curves in her figure 2
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o Elegant, fluid, delicate are all styles of international gothic o Attention to details 15 th Century Melchior Broederlam o “Champoi Altarpiece” (1396-1399) o Done in the didactic style o Features the Annunciation, the Visitation, the Presentation, the Flight into Egypt o Reminiscent of earlier works through the portrayal of the landscape, yet shows detail that was not previously there in the past o Dolls-eye views o Disproportion of scale o Intensity of the colors o Elegance, richness, and beauty associated with the gothic style Claus Sluter o Flemish sculptor o “Well of Moses” (1395-1406) Robert Campin o “Merode Altarpiece” (1425-1428) o The Annunciation o The donors are depicted on the left o St. Joseph (Mary’s husband) depicted on the right o Room lacks doors o Disproportional o Unrealistic view attempts to create something familiar to the viewer Perceptual approach 3
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2008 for the course ART 2386 taught by Professor Vanhook during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Notes - 14th Century Late Gothic or Proto-Renaissance...

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