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18-19 Scaffolded Industrial Revolution Overview(1).docx -...

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The Industrial RevolutionName:alexa palaciosI. THE REVOLUTION THAT CHANGEDEVERYTHINGThe Industrial Revolution is responsible for or has affected nearlyeverything that you use or do on a daily basis. It completely changed theway we work, live, and schedule our lives. It affects culture, politics,economics, everything. Before the Industrial Revolution there were 3 kindsof transportation: walk, ride an animal, ride on a boat; there were twosources of light and heat: the sun and fire; people worked from sunup to sundown; payment wasdetermined by task and not by time.So where and when and how did this Industrial Revolution thatchanged everything begin?The Industrial Revolution began in England in the 1700sfor severalreasons.There were plenty of natural resources likecoal, iron ore, and water.A growing population due to the Agricultural Revolution.The movement of people from the countryside to the cities because of theEnclosure Movement (Which fenced off all the private and public land)The invention of theSteam Engine.One of the major sources of income in the English economy has always been the textile industry(fabric industry).Before the Industrial Revolution most non-agricultural work was performed througha system of labor known as the artisan system or thecottage industry. In the cottage industry worklike weaving, tailoring, carpentry, and iron working was done in a shop connected to the person’shome. People were paid not for the hours or days that they worked, but for the work that theyproduced.For example, a tailor would be paid for the shirt he made, nothow long he spent making it.By the early 1800ssome cottage industries like weaving were indecline because machines powered by a water wheel made it quickerand easier to weave fabrics like cotton. Two inventions at this timegreatly increased the amount of cotton weaving that could be done,and this is what sparked the Industrial Revolution.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Francis
Tags
Industrial Revolution, Factory System

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