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18-19 Scaffolded Aftermath of WWII Reading.pdf - Aftermath...

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Aftermath(Effects/Outcomes) of WorldWar IIName:alexaDue Date:Yalta Conference-was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, theUnited Kingdomand the Soviet Union for the purpose of discussing Germany and Europe's postwarreorganization.Big Three”-Allied leaders, Stalin, Churchill and RooseveltThe United Nations-a stronger international peacekeeping organizationSuper-Powers -an extremely powerful nation, especially one capable of influencing international eventsand the actsand policies of less powerful nations.I.THE END OF THE WAR IN SIGHTIn February of 1945, Germany was on the verge of collapse.American, British, and Frenchforces were poised to cross the Rhine River and enter Germany from the west.Sovietforces were poised on the Oder River, ready to invade Germany from the East.The end ofthe war in Europe was in sight.Before the Allied forces invaded Germany, the “Big Three”Allied leaders decided to meet and discuss plans for the finaldefeat of Germany and Japan, and the occupation of Europeand the Pacific.Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill andFranklin D. Roosevelt met in the city of Yalta in theSoviet Union and developed these plans during the YaltaConference.The Soviets held a distinct advantage at the Conference.With an army of 12 million soldiers deployed in 300divisions, Soviet forces greatly outnumbered their allies.America had the next largest armywith 4 million soldiers and 75 divisions.It was clear in February 1945 that the Soviets would mostlikely be the first soldiers to take and occupy Berlin, the capital of Germany and headquarters ofAdolf Hitler.At the Yalta Conference, the “Big Three” agreed to the following conditions at the conclusion ofthe war in Europe:Germany and its capital of Berlin divided into 4 zones of occupation (Soviet,American, British & French)War crimes trials against the Nazis at Nuremberg, GermanyThe Soviets allowed an influence over the reconstruction of Eastern Europe.

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Francis

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