04-29-08 Soil Analysis

04-29-08 Soil Analysis - Stangland 1 Craig A Stangland...

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Stangland 1 Craig A. Stangland Geology 101 – Tuesday Lab Professor Menold April 29, 2008 Introduction Group members Clark Hoffman, Neil Kocan, Amy Markham and I, Craig Stangland, analyzed which city, Concord, Homer, or Albion, contributes the most amount of contaminates to the Kalamazoo River. River contamination can have varied effects for the communities near the contaminated river (Michael, 1999, p. 1). Humans, animals, and plant life can all suffer from a contaminated river (Michael, 1999, p. 1). The significance of this project was to ensure the safety of those communities near the Kalamazoo River. This project is specifically important as the Kalamazoo River is currently part of an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) clean up further down stream, near Plainwell, Michigan (EPA Kalamazoo Fact Sheet, 2008, p. 2). With knowledge that the Kalamazoo River has had contamination issues in the past, though not directly linked to Albion, Homer or Concord, it is necessary to test that the water near these said communities is safe. The hypothesis was that Albion would contaminate the Kalamazoo River the most. This hypothesis was agreed upon for the fact that Albion has a large population, more manufacturing plants, and has had two superfund sites near the city. The first site is located one mile east of Albion, and is known as the Albion-Sheridan Township landfill (Gore, 2007, p. 1). The second superfund site in Albion has “the Kalamazoo River located one-half mile from the [superfund] site” (Berkoff, 2007, p. 1). The McGraw Edison Corp. used trichloroethylene to control dust on their dirt roads, which at the time
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Stangland 2 was unknown to be hazardous and that it would enter both residential and municipal wells (Berkoff, 2007, p. 1). To prove our hypothesis as true, we would need to find evidence from the samples taken that there was a higher increase in the eight tested contaminants in the Albion samples, then those of the two other cities. We then would have to find a source for this contamination in Albion and the source must have access to pollute the Kalamazoo River. To disprove our hypothesis, we would either need to find a higher increase in the eight contaminants in samples taken from Homer and Concord, or find no conclusive evidence that Albion adds contaminants to the Kalamazoo River.
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Stangland 3 Methods
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Stangland 4 Six soil samples were taken from six different locations along the Kalamazoo River. Figure 1 shows the sites where the samples were obtained.
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Stangland 5 Figure 1: Showing Sites in which soil samples were obtained http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Kalamazoo_River_Map.png The sample obtained before Homer was taken directly from the river bed. The river, which was approximately fifty yards away, was in a marshy area with agricultural fields near by. The sample obtained after Homer was taken directly from the river bed. The sample was collected underneath a road bridge crossing the river.
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2008 for the course GEO 101 taught by Professor Lincoln during the Spring '08 term at Albion College.

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04-29-08 Soil Analysis - Stangland 1 Craig A Stangland...

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