american government 4 final review

american government 4 final review - chapter 11: POLITICAL...

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chapter 11: POLITICAL PARTIES -political party- tries to gain public votes; try to win elelctions and get people into office -interest group-doesn't try to gain public votes; try to lobby and influence people from the outside -1st-6th party systems: old dominating parties [federalists and democratic- republicans]; modern parties began in the mid 1800's -America is dominated by a TWO party system; election laws tend to favor the two dominate parties, broad appeal [do not have a narrrow focus] -what parties do? raise money, run campaigns, recruit candidates for office, write platforms [what they would like to accomplish] -every 4 years the parties have a national convention & write a platform -primary purpose of national political conventions: nominate people as their candidate for the presidential election -there are many 3rd parties: libertarian, green party [rarely win votes]; still have influence in national elections by swaying the votes -factors that influence voter turnouts: age [50-70 most; 18-20 least], education, income, women, race, ethnicity -types of elections: general elections, where members of the SAME party are running against each other for the chance to be their party's candidate [primary election], person gets majority of the vote [runoff], voters can take back their
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american government 4 final review - chapter 11: POLITICAL...

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