Designing Adaptive Organizations

Designing Adaptive Organizations - 2/28/2008 1 Designing...

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Unformatted text preview: 2/28/2008 1 Designing Adaptive Designing Adaptive Organizations Organizations Presented By: Jordan Samfield Jennifer Coldeway Kyle Griffey Matt Elwell Mgt 3303.254 Professor Brad Fregger Date Presented: February 26, 2008 DESIGNING DESIGNING ORGANIZATIONAL ORGANIZATIONAL Jordan Samfield ORGANIZATIONAL ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES STRUCTURES Organizational Structure Organizational Structure y The vertical and horizontal configuration of departments, authority, and jobs within a company. 2/28/2008 2 Organizational Process Organizational Process y The collection of activities that transform inputs into outputs that customers value. Departmentalization Departmentalization y Subdividing work and workers into separate organizational units responsible for completing particular tasks. Example: Sony 5 Methods of Departmentalization 5 Methods of Departmentalization y Functional y Product y Customer y Geographic y Geographic y Matrix 2/28/2008 3 Functional Departmentalization Functional Departmentalization y Organizing work and workers into separate units responsible for particular business functions. Example: Swiss Army Knife Functional Departmentalization Functional Departmentalization Advantages Work done by highly qualified spets Lowers costs by reducing duplication Disadvantages Cross-Departmental coordination can be difficult May lead to slower reducing duplication Less communication problems May lead to slower decision making Produces narrow experienced workers and managers Product Departmentalization Product Departmentalization y Organizing work and workers into separate units responsible for producing particular products and services. Example: Johnson & Johnson 2/28/2008 4 Product Departmentalization Product Departmentalization Advantages Allows managers and workers to specialize in one area of expertise Disadvantages Duplication Difficult to achieve coordination across different product expertise Easier to evaluate each divisions performance Decision making should be faster different product departments Customer Departmentalization Customer Departmentalization y Organizing work and workers into separate units responsible for particular kinds of customers. Example: Verizon Wireless Customer Departmentalization Customer Departmentalization Advantages Focuses the organization on customer needs Allows companies to Disadvantages Leads to duplication of resources Difficult to coordinate across different Allows companies to specialize and adapt their products to customer needs across different customer departments May lead workers to decisions that please customers but hurt the business 2/28/2008 5 Geographic Departmentalization Geographic Departmentalization y Organizing work and workers into separate units responsible for doing business in particular geographic areas....
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Designing Adaptive Organizations - 2/28/2008 1 Designing...

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