History of Management-3up

History of Management-3up - Jade Cormier Brad Diseker Ben...

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2/3/2008 1 Jade Cormier Brad Diseker Ben Ingram Sarah Naughton ` Management – the act of getting work done through others ` Management as a field of study has only been around 125 years, but ideas of management can be seen in the earliest times of history: ` The Greeks were practicing ‘job enrichment’ 2500 years ago ` In 5000 b.c. the Sumerian priests developed an early instance of managing information. ` The Egyptians recognized the need for planning, organizing, and controlling ` Not until the last 2 centuries did systematic changes in the nature of work and organizations create a compelling need for managers ` For most of history, people worked from home and on farms. ` With no commute, no bosses, and no common building, work was very different from today
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2/3/2008 2 ` The availability of power and numerous inventions allowed low-paid, unskilled laborers running machines to replace high-paid, skilled artisans. ` This new production system was based on a division of labor ` Managers were needed to effectively coordinate the different parts of the production system ` At Ford Motor Company, the time required to assemble a car dropped from 12.5 hours to just 93 minutes ` The majority of jobs began to occur in large, formal organizations ` In 1849, the largest factory in the country employed 123 workers ` By 1913, Henry Ford employed 12,000 workers in his Highland Park factory alone ` With the manufacturing industry having quintupled in a 30 year span, companies now had a strong need for disciplinary rules. ` Managers were needed to impose order and structure, to motivate and direct, and to plan and make decisions that optimized overall company performance
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2/3/2008 3 Definition of Scientific Management: Thoroughly studying and testing different work methods to identify the best, most efficient way to complete a job. ` Before scientific management, organizational decision making could best be described as “seat-of-the-pants” management. Which it was for most of human existence and has only been scientific since the late 19 th century. Making management a relatively new field of study . Frederick W. Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21 1915), known as the father of scientific management, began his career as a steel worker. As he moved up in the Midvale Steel Company he found it extremely difficult to maximize output from his workers. He had worked alongside of these men under him before his promotions therefore they saw Taylor as no better a man therefore they saw Taylor as no better a man than them. The men would deliberately restrict output to try and get Taylor fired. With no other options left to motivate his workmen, Taylor began to formulate what is now known as scientific management. Taylor’s science has four parts. 1. Develop a science for each element of a worker’s job.
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