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Metaphysics Notes Archive

Metaphysics Notes Archive - Metaphysics Wednesday Handouts...

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Metaphysics Wednesday January 23 2008 Handouts: Received handout containing syllabus, textbook information, and test information. Lecture: The most important question is “what should I do”? This is an important question because it is unavoidable. One must ask and answer this question upon performing any activity, whether it is where to eat breakfast or what to major in. Examples used in lecture: car shopping, the importance of a college education, etc. To make good decisions, one must understand. Philosophy is a search for understanding in terms of which life’s decisions are made. What must one know in order to understand or make a decision? One must know everything. The term for everything, is “reality”. Metaphysics is a collection of theories about reality. It is broken down to the study of the human person, nature, and the supernatural. Friday January 25 2008 Handouts: None Lecture: A Theory is an explanation of what we do observe in terms of what we do not observe. A Metaphysical theory explains what IS and what HAPPENS Metaphysics is about understanding reality. We cannot rule out anything that we should know in order to make good decisions. Philosophy offers theories of reality. Examples: Using a theory to explain why two clear liquids produce an opaque solution. What we do observe in terms of what we do not observe, precipitation. Car alarms due to electromagnetic waves. We cannot see those things. Thales- Thales was dubbed the first philosopher because he was the first to give a theory, an explanation of what we do observe in terms of what we do not observe. Thales believed that the whole universe was made out of water. He believed this because life and motion are connected, and water is always moving.
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Pythagoras- Believed that the language of nature is number. Pythagoras established the tradition of the atomists and Plato. Democritus- An Atomist, believed that the world is made out of atoms of many shapes and sizes. Atoms are permanent, unchangeable realities. Always were in existence. Water is smooth because it is made out of oval atoms. Rocks are rough because they are made of rough edged atoms. Atoms are bricks of a building. They can be reused, but not destroyed. The atomistic principle of change is motion. Atoms are separated by “void”, aka, space. Motion is speed through space. The void is a 3 dimensional empty volume. Atoms combine with each other because they have hooks. The laws of nature govern the behavior of atoms. Atoms, Space, Motion, and the laws of nature always were. There was never a time where these four did not exist. Monday, January 28, 2008 Handouts- None Lecture- Monists- Express the universe as an outgrowth of a single thing. Atomists are monists because they believe that everything in the universe is made out of a single thing, atoms.
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Metaphysics Notes Archive - Metaphysics Wednesday Handouts...

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