chapter 15 and 16 vocab

chapter 15 and 16 vocab - Dissociative identity...

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Dissociative identity disorder (DID)/ multiple personality disorder Biopsychosocial model Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM) Personality disorder psychotherapy Evidence-based treatments psychoanalysis psychodynamic therapies free association transference behavior therapy cognitive therapy Rational-emotive behavior therapy Someone alternates among two or more distinct personalities (alternating among different personalities is not schizophrenia). Emphasizes that abnormal behavior has three major aspects: biological, psychological, and sociological Sets specific criteria for each psychological diagnosis, including depression, alcohol intoxication, exhibitionism, pathological gambling, anorexia nervosa, sleep-walking disorder, stuttering, and hundreds of others. A maladaptive, inflexible way of dealing with the environment and other people (being self-centered) A treatment of psychological disorders by methods that include a personal relationship between a trained therapist and a client. Used for people listed in DSM-IV and also for people who just need to talk about some concern or worry. Therapies demonstrated to be helpful A method based on identifying unconscious thoughts and emotions and bringing them to consciousness to help people understand their thoughts and actions Attempt to relate personality to the interplay of conflicting impulses within the individual, including some that the individual may not consciously recognize.
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Client starts thinking about a particular symptom or problem and then reports everything that comes to mind-a word, a phrase, a visual image. Transferring onto the therapist the behaviors and feelings they originally established toward their father, mother, or another important person in their lives. Begins with clear, well-defined behavioral goals, such as eliminating test anxiety, and then attempts to achieve those goals through learning. Seeks to improve people’s psychological well-being by changing their thoughts and beliefs—their cognitions Assumes that thoughts (rationality) lead to emotions. The problem therefore is not the unpleasant emotions themselves, but the irrational thoughts that lead to them Cognitive-behavior therapy incongruence person-centered therapy family systems therapy eclectic therapy group therapy self-help group spontaneous remission meta-analysis deinstitutionalization Tarasoff Community psychologists Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) Panic Disorder (PD) agoraphobia phobia systematic desensitization flooding (or implosion or intensive exposure therapy) Set explicit goals for changing people’s behavior, but they place more emphasis than most behavior therapists do on changing people’s interpretation of their situation. Mismatch; distressed between their
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course PSYCH 10 taught by Professor Zaidel during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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chapter 15 and 16 vocab - Dissociative identity...

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