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ch 7 vocab

ch 7 vocab - Primary effect Recency effect Free recall Cued...

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Primary effect Recency effect Free recall Cued recall recognition Savings method/relearning method Explicit memory/direct memory Implicit memory/indirect memory primes procedural memories declarative memories information-processing model sensory store traditional version of information-processing semantic memory The tendency to remember well the first items The tendency to remember the final items To recall something is to produce a response, as you do on essay tests or short-answer tests. (simplest method for testers, not persons being tested). [recalling names from second grade] Receive significant hints about the material [a photograph of the children in your second-grade class or a list of initials] Someone is offered several choices and asked to select the correct one. (People usually do this with more items than they recall) [I give you a list of 60 names and you check off the correct names of children in your second-grade class. Multiple choice tests] [suspect lineups] Detects weak memories by comparing the speed of original learning to the speed of relearning. The amount of time saved (time needed for original learning minus the time for relearning) is a measure of memory. Someone who states an answer regards it as a product of his or her memory [free recall, cued recall, recognition, and savings] An experience influences what you say or do even though you might not be aware of the influence. [suppose you are in a conversation while other people nearby are discussing something else. You ignore the other discussion, but a few words from that background conversation probably creep into your own. You do not even notice the influence, although an observer might] Reading or hearing a word temporarily ____ that word and increases the chance that you will use it yourself, even if you are not aware of the influences. Another kind of implicit memories. Memories of motor skills such as walking and talking. Memories we can readily state in words[explaining how to tie a necktie in words without gestures] Information that enters the system is processed, coded, and stored. Momentary storage of sensory information. Also known as iconic memory (for visual information) and echoic memory (for auditory). Short term and long term memory [long term] memory of general principles and facts [memory of law of gravity] episodic memory source amnesia
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chunking retrieval cue consolidate working memory phonological loop Visuospatial sketchpad Central executive Episodic buffer [long term] memory for specific events in a person’s life [remembering the time you dropped your grandmother’s vase] Forgetting where or how you learned something. Therefore, people confuse reliable information with the unreliable. [did I her this idea from my professor or was it on South Park?] Grouping items into meaningful sequences or clusters Associated information that might help you regain the memory [when you form a long-term memory and try to find it later, you need a ____]. Converting a short term memory into a long-term
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ch 7 vocab - Primary effect Recency effect Free recall Cued...

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