Lecture26

Lecture26 - Lecture 26 Reasoning, part 1 April 14, 2008...

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Lecture 26 –Reasoning, part 1 April 14, 2008
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NOTICE We will go back to meeting in our regular classroom (SH 106) starting on Wednesday, April 16.
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Reading is a constructive process Much of the text on the page falls outside of our field of sharp focus around the fovea Our vision is impaired when we are in the middle of a saccade This is called ‘visual smear’ Conclusion: we do not sense all parts of the text that we read
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How do we fill in the gaps? Evidence suggests that we generate hypotheses about what will appear next Use context and some information from peripheral vision to generate these hypotheses Move eyes forward to confirm or disconfirm the hypothesis We appear to encode semantic information when words are 1–6 characters from the fixation point We have very vague impressions of the form of words that are further away Experiments have examined if readers will notice a change in a sentence while it is being read A word is changed as the eyes move toward it Replacement word has a similar shape to the original Determine how close the eyes can get before the change is noticed
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Garden path sentences Read the following passage: The young man turned his back on the rock concert stage and looked across the resort lake. Tomorrow was the annual one day fishing contest and fishermen would invade the place. Some of the best bass guitarists in the country would come to this spot. You likely stumbled when your eyes arrived at the word
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course PSY 340 taught by Professor Macdonald during the Spring '08 term at NMSU.

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Lecture26 - Lecture 26 Reasoning, part 1 April 14, 2008...

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