March 10 - Chinese 155 Monday March 10, 2008 Popular...

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Chinese 155 Monday March 10, 2008 Popular Buddhism - Buddhism (fojiao), was introduced into China ca. 100 BC-100 AD - First mention in Dynastic Histories is dated 65 AD - 2 major types of Buddhism were introduced: o Mahayana or “Northern” Buddhism o Hinayana, or “Southern” Buddhism, or Theravada Buddhism - Mahayana became the dominant type of Buddhism in China (emphasizes “outside assistance”) - The five major Mahayana sutras were translated into Chinese by 286 AD - “Popular Buddhism” combines Buddhism with indigenous Chinese concepts - Important concepts in popular Buddhism: o Karma (ye) o Samasara (zhuanlun) (endless cycle of rebirth) o Retribution/recompense (yinguo) - The Five (sometimes six) Paths (best worst) o Heaven tian o Human ren o Animal chu o Ghost gui o Hell diyu - The sixth, not often mention in popular Chinese Buddhism is asura - Important in Mahayana-influenced popular belief: o Salvation (one can be saved by “outside assistance”) o Transfer of merit - Buddhas
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March 10 - Chinese 155 Monday March 10, 2008 Popular...

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