Adoldev - ← ← Defining Adolescence ← Scientific terms • Adolescence = 2 nd decade of life 10-20 • 10-12 = preadolescence • 12-14 =

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Unformatted text preview: ← 4/2/08 ← Defining Adolescence ← Scientific terms: • Adolescence = 2 nd decade of life, 10-20 • 10-12 = preadolescence • 12-14 = early adolescence • 15-17 = mid adolescence • 18-20 = late adolescence ← colloquial terms: • 10-12 = tween/preteen • 13-19 = teens • 20 - 26 = twixters/kidults • demographic changes – living at home w/ parents much later, 26 = considered end of adolescence ← adolescence starts @ onset of puberty • onset = biologically determined • biological markers don’t vary across cultures but end of adolescence is culturally defined • end = when adopt adult roles in society: financial independence, marriage ← Pros/cons of growing up in society w/ short adolescence vs longer • Advantage of US way: o Not financially responsible o More time to explore, find yourself o Better chance on getting good education if parents supporting • Disadvantage of US: o So dependent on parents that struggle to be independent o Overly pampered/egocentric o Too used to having privileged w/o responsibilities o Lack of psychological independence o Increased conflict w/ parents since have to give up more for longer • One of challenges of adolescence = balance between responsibility and privileges ← Contradictory limits/discrepancies to adolescence • Drinking age older than voting age • Able to kill before can drink (and sometimes vote) • Can drive before can drink ← Labels for adolescence: • Rebels • Naïve • Trendy • Insecure • Puppy love • Angry • Spoiled • Lazy • Horny • Cranky • All connotations are negative! ← Lay Theories: adolescents are bc of . • Why?? • Contributing factors • Societal factors: what society promotes/advertises that contribute to real feelings of teenagers o What media promotes vs what want to be • Control – balance of power • Lack of experience • Personal factors : hormones, voice changes • Environmental factors : parents, school • Always due to both personal and environmental factors ← Early adolescent researchers: • Stanley hall (1904): wrote text book on adolescence o Storm and stress – idea. b/c: Mood disruptions Questioning and contradicting of parents Reckless and antisocial behavior • Margaret Mead (1928): anthropological and cross-cultural position o “storm and stress” not biological so cant be universal • Anna Freud (1958): “to be normal during adolescent period is by itself abnormal” ← Adolescent development = heterogeneous ← 4/4/08 • challenge biological assumptions: o (1) physical changes/behavior is related to raging hormones o (2) rely on the looks of the adolescent to determine maturity on a cognitive level and on a social/emotional level • common assumptions: o “raging hormones” explain moodiness + behavior changes • policy implications: there’s nothing that can be done…biological determinism at is worse ← facts about hormones • no new hormones during puberty (they’re activated in a different way)...
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course PSYCH 133a taught by Professor Juvonen during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Adoldev - ← ← Defining Adolescence ← Scientific terms • Adolescence = 2 nd decade of life 10-20 • 10-12 = preadolescence • 12-14 =

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