Course Reader Summary for Midterm

Course Reader Summary for Midterm - Reading #1 Capturing...

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Reading #1 – Capturing the adolescent experience (Elliot and Feldman) Biological processes drive many aspects of adolescence Onset = puberty Establishing social skills = important part of A Social influences = shapes expression of biological imperatives Western cultures – A = 10/11 late teens/early 20s Principle duty = acquiring education o Importance of education has lengthened period of adolescence o Cost of education extends time A rely on parents Adult perceptions of A tend toward extremes o Good = time of potential, beauty, idealism, etc o Bad = rebel, disrespectful, disorderly, hedonistic, promiscuous Aristotle’s view hella long ago Defining Adolescence: 4 stages: o early = 10-14, physical/social changes that occur w/ puberty, more interest in opposite sex make choices while still focusing on here/now rather than long term o middle = 15-15, increasing independence, marks end for some As o late = 18-mid 20s, for those who continue education so delay entry into adult roles both social and biological factors help define A: o entry into puberty = beginning
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girls : growth spurt at start of puberty @ 9.5 boys : growth spurt 2 years later o lots of variability in timing o entry into adulthood = no biological factors tasks of A – become physically/sexually mature, acquire skills for adult roles, increased autonomy, realigning social interconnections w both sexes o society imposes specific expectations to shape these tasks U.S. – A characterized by age segregation w/o regular interaction w/ adults o Peer interactions + pressures = prominent o Unequaled freedom of self-determination in many areas (academic, friends, risky behaviors) Direct-role of family in moderating current activities/friends/future greatly reduced – youth =instrumental to molding own lives Adolescence as a Pivotal Stage of Life American society promotes A as distinct stage using mechanisms: o Compulsory schooling o Child labor laws so early A don’t work o Separate juvenile justice system o A ≠ adults but ≠ children change physically + able to understand/complex reasoning about world and self urge to gain control over how/w/ whom spend time social expectations for A= ambiguous: o pay adult fares @ 12 but cant see movies till 17 o drive/vote but cant drink o in work, sexuality, political involvement A more aware/interested in their potential but receive contradictory messages about their privileges/responsibilities
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w/o straightforward guidelines or intellectual/emotional tools A have task of reconciling immediate opportunities/desires w/ emerging long range goals capacity to modulate surrounding environment + select role models = central feature to A as society become more diverse number of roles/choices available to A increased but criteria for selecting among them become less obvious ideological/moral consensus pluralism more risks experiences of child + A
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Course Reader Summary for Midterm - Reading #1 Capturing...

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